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Author Topic: RUAF Bomber/Escort flights  (Read 465 times)

Online Josh

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RUAF Bomber/Escort flights
« on: May 28, 2019, 2345 UTC »
Lately our friends the Russians have been probing Alaska air defenses with visits from nuclear capable bomber aircraft, often accompanied by fighters and tankers. This makes for interesting listening for those in range of v/uhf comms of our guests as well as our responding intercept aircraft, but what about the rest of us who are hundreds if not thousands of miles away? Well, this is for you;


--------------------------------------------------------------
 Russian Air Force Stations
Note: This information can change at any time
Frequency (MHz)    Signal Mode    Callsign    Note
2.737                                  CW / Digital    REA4    Air Force HQ Moscow
3.633                                                CW    CEJX    
4.179                                 CW / Digital    REA4    Air Force HQ Moscow
4.672                                               USB    Vologda Radio    Sometimes call checks Il-76
4.755                                                USB    Blesk 37 Ja Skat 07    Possible Air Force use
5.312                                                CW          Russian Strategic Air Force TU-95 ground CW frequency
5.620                                               CW    Russian Strategic Air Force CW Ground Frequency
5.832                                               CW    RICARJ    72131, 72132-TU-22 from Renchovo
5.835                                               CW    Russian Strategic Air Force TU-95 CW ground frequency
6.685                                               USB    PROSELOK KORSAR KLARNETIST     Traffic control comms air force Chkalvosky Moscow Region
7.940                                                CW    REA4    Air Force HQ Moscow
8.029                                               CW          Russian Strategic Air Force Bombers TU-95 CW Ground Spring Primary Frequency
8.090                                              USB    NABOR SHAPORA Russian Strategic Air Force Bombers TU-95  Spring Frequency
8.033                                               USB         Russian Strategic Air Force Bombers TU-95 Autumn Frequency
8.112                                               CW    BALANS KATOLIK  Russian Strategic Air Force TU-95 CW Winter ground frequency
8.131                                              USB    BALANS KATOLIK  Russian Strategic Air Force Bombers TU-95 Winter Frequency
8.162                                              CW    Russian Strategic Air Force Bombers T-95  Ground Autumn Primary  Frequency
8.170                                              CW     6PLS D2WD    Russian Strategic Air Force Bombers TU-95 Spring Air CW Frequency
8.816                                              CW    Naval Air Transport
8.847                                             USB    Traffic control comms air force Chkalvosky Moscow Region
8.895                                               CW    Russian Strategic Air Force TU-95 Summer CW Ground Frequency
8.909                                              USB    OCHISTKA, PROCELKA    Russian Strategic Air Force                              Summer TU-95 Frequency
 8990                                                USB        OCHISTKA, PROCELKA    Russian Strategic Air Force                              Winter TU-95 Frequency
8.252                                              USB    Russian Air Force Unknown Unit
9.027                                               CW    Russian Strategic Air Force TU-95 Bombers Autumn CW Air Frequency
9.128                                                CW     P7YR W6SY QYYI  Russian Strategic Air Force TU-95 Bombers Summer Air  CW Frequency
11.072                                                 CW    REA4    Air Force HQ Moscow
11.354                                               USB    RJF94 / NOVATOR PRIBOJ KROCKET    Russian Naval Air Transport Command
11.360                                               USB    PROSELOK KORSAR    Traffic control comms air force Chkalvosky airfield Moscow Region
18.030                                               USB     KORSAR    Traffic control comms air force Chkalvosky Moscow Region

 Known Russian Strategic Bomber VHF frequencies:
 124.000 128.500 136.250 138.550 284.650 289.000 358.125

Notes on TU-95 Strategic bombers communications:
If the TU-95 CW markers are active its a indication that bombers are in the air and its possible to monitor USB frequencies. Every 20 minutes lasting for 2 minutes a single letter will be repeated by CW. Its always on the H+00, H+20, H+40 and normally hand set. Commonly marker W is heard probaly from Moscow Strategic and Long Range aviation headquarters. G marker possibly comes from Russian Ukrainka Air Base in Amur District in Far East Russia. Other undefined markers are Q, R and Z. C marker is used by TU-95 bombers used by Russian Navy from Moscow Naval HQ. Arkhangelsk Severomorsk naval base use S marker.

The bomber formations use  callsings. Known callsigns are: TRL5 – Spring TV6P, IZ2J and KFE4 – Summer 4ASU, QZ6Y and PUO7 – Autumn IWV4 – Winter. Three figure groups are used in messages, although is speculated that five figure groups are actually used.

The ground communications to aircraft using USB voice uses callsings such as NABOR, BALANS and KATOLIK that are fixed and are not affected by the seasonal changes.
------------------------------------------------------

As Russian bomber flights have been seen to use the local air defense channel for air to air chats when visiting European NATO airspace, one might expect them to fire up on HFGCS.




Also see here for an excellent summary of Russian HF use;
http://i56578-swl.blogspot.com/p/russcomms.html
Conveniently located near Vincennes Indiana.

Offline sat_dxer

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Re: RUAF Bomber/Escort flights
« Reply #1 on: May 29, 2019, 1401 UTC »
Wish someone on the "NSRIC team" would proof read the above before allowing it to be spread around the internet second-hand.
« Last Edit: May 29, 2019, 1410 UTC by sat_dxer »
Most times & frequencies posted are only an approximation.
Due to adulteration of the E.N.I.G.M.A. "designators" by others and not a match in the Conet Project they are never used.
-30-

Online Josh

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Re: RUAF Bomber/Escort flights
« Reply #2 on: May 29, 2019, 1722 UTC »
But wait, there's more!

Them Rooskiis even have uhf voice satcomms but apparently seldom use them. Will have to dig up the freqs and post.
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Offline R4002

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Re: RUAF Bomber/Escort flights
« Reply #3 on: May 29, 2019, 1816 UTC »
Nookleear combat toe-to-toe with the Rooshkees

Wish someone on the "NSRIC team" would proof read the above before allowing it to be spread around the internet second-hand.

sat_dxer,

Are you saying that the frequency list posted by Josh is out of date/inaccurate/was never accurate in the first place?  I know that the Russian Air Force does like their CW.  I don't have any frequency list to compare it to though. 
U.S. East Coast, various HF/VHF/UHF radios/scanners/receivers

Online Josh

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Re: RUAF Bomber/Escort flights
« Reply #4 on: May 29, 2019, 1856 UTC »
Let me dig up some more informatsia...


5312 autumn NCS
5620 spring NCS   
5835 autumn NCS 
8029 spring NCS primary
8112 winter NCS 
8162 autumn NCS primary 
8170 spring air 
8895 summer NCS 
9027 autumn air USB (this freq is also known as the CHARLIE ECHO window to every E4 and E6 flight)
===============================

Russian National Defence Control Center (NDCC)
Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)

All stas F1B T600 50/200 in // unless noted.

0018.1 w/75Hz shift
3548
4445
5438
6328
6342
7657
8505 w/250 Hz shift
8696

=====================================

00021.1 NDCC F1A fsk morse/75 // 8130
03363.0 NDCC F1B T600 50/200 // 21.1 kHz.
03861.0 NDCC F1B T600 50/200 // 18.1 kHz.
05438.0 NDCC F1B T600 50/200 // 18.1 kHz.
07416.0 NDCC F1B T600 50/200 // 18.1 kHz.
08129.0 CSTO F1B RUS-ARQ 1000 Hz shift
08130.0 NDCC F1B T600 50/200 // 21.1 kHz.
08508.0 CSTO F1B 50/250
08696.0 NDCC F1B T600 50/200
09058.0 CSTO F1B 50/200
10164.0 NDCC F1B T600 50/200 // 21.1 kHz.
13422.0 CSTO F1B 75/250
16112.0 NDCC A1A RAA (callsign)


CW/FSKintercept example:
XX XXX RLO RLO 013£5 55555 SWETOLÜB 8174 065Ö K

This is a Russian strategic flash override bcast of high importance.

xxx = strategic flash override. Strenghten and/or overrides a previously given executable order. Actually the "xxx" sequence tells the operator at the reciving end to get his/her crypto grear ready.

reo = adressee to whom the message is adressed. Mostly this is a collective adress, but also individual units can be adressed this way.

013£5 55555 = should be two 5 figure numbers. This tells in more detail who should act. As en axample you can hear messages like this: "xxx xxx rdl rdl 12345 54321 ....." (RDL is generally believed to be a collective adress to "all russian nuclear strategic forces") If this message later on is repeated by, say, Russian naval HQ of the Northern Fleet (RIT) with this message; "xxx xxx rmo66 rmo66 54321 ..." you will then know that RIT is part of RDL and they forward the strategic flash message to their unit rmo66 (no actual cs).

SWETOLÜB = the actual code message. Codeword carrying orders. The codeword is always a Russian noun. The actual meaning of this word is predifined. The order itself will never be like; "fire all you have on board of nuclear missiles towards all available targets in the preprogrammed weapon systems", - but more like "arm weapon systems, release satcom bouy antenna and receive further instructions"

8174 0650 = modifications or expansion to the codeword order.

Notice that zero is always 0 and never t as often used in Russian orders.
=============================



"In fact, the U.S. no longer has the ability to deliver 400 equivalent megatons (EMTs) to destroy 25 per cent of Russia’s population and 75 per cent of industry after a Russian first-strike, which is the classical definition of MAD requirements for the U.S.”

"In contrast, Russia—after a U.S. first-strike — has the capability to destroy more than 25 per cent of U.S. population and 75 per cent of industry by delivering 100 EMTs against the U.S., whose population and industry is much more urbanized and concentrated than in Russia. U.S. population and industry is also much less well protected." (See, "Mutual Assured Destruction (MAD) No Longer Mutual," Family Security Matters, March 14, 2018)



Callsigns Russian Stratigic Forces (General Staff) :
1QRF    ; 2V8I    ; F2ET    G5CX     ;MDVB ; N1DX ; WEGI ; WLHN ; XB2M   

For information it often happens that the Station "RGT77" transmits alert messages, in particular with callsign WEGI, and that its transmission is simultaneous transmitted on other networks: as for example on the 3 networks below:

Network 1 : 14108 kHz/13868 kHz in Summer
NET Station : (The NCS use 2 callsigns : probably network for Russian Army and Russian Navy) Wkg 6 outstations (comms checks and QTCs : MMMMM)  in Duplex
- uses a new set of callsigns on 1, 11 and 21 of every month)
- For information : outstations on  13096 kHz and Same transmission for Net station on 13868 kHz

Network 2 : 13396 kHz in Summer
NET Station : (The NCS use 2 callsigns : probably network for Russian Army and Russian Navy)
Wkg 2 outstations (QSO and QTCs) in Duplex
- uses a new set of callsigns on 1, 11 and 21 of every month)
- For information : outstations on  12227 kHz

Network 3 : 12593 kHz in Summer
NET Station : (The NCS use 2 callsigns : probably network for Russian Army and Russian Navy)
3  outstations  (comms checks and QTCs : MMMMM) in Duplex
- uses a new set of callsigns on 1, 11 and 21 of every month)
- For information : outstations on  11596 kHz

----------------------------------------------












we in yo nets, listenin to yo dudes


Conveniently located near Vincennes Indiana.

Offline sat_dxer

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Re: RUAF Bomber/Escort flights
« Reply #5 on: May 30, 2019, 1448 UTC »
"CW/FSKintercept example:
XX XXX RLO RLO 013£5 55555 SWETOLÜB 8174 065Ö K"

16912.0 Russian Mil: “XXX XXX RLO RLO 0135 55555 SWETOLÜB 8174 065Ö K [1]
[1] N&O - 165 (June 2011) page 13

 £5 note?  Hmmm..
« Last Edit: May 30, 2019, 1743 UTC by sat_dxer »
Most times & frequencies posted are only an approximation.
Due to adulteration of the E.N.I.G.M.A. "designators" by others and not a match in the Conet Project they are never used.
-30-

Online Josh

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Re: RUAF Bomber/Escort flights
« Reply #6 on: June 12, 2019, 2053 UTC »
"CW/FSKintercept example:
XX XXX RLO RLO 013£5 55555 SWETOLÜB 8174 065Ö K"

16912.0 Russian Mil: “XXX XXX RLO RLO 0135 55555 SWETOLÜB 8174 065Ö K [1]
[1] N&O - 165 (June 2011) page 13

 £5 note?  Hmmm..

The pounds sterling thingy is just a loss in translation. I suppose if one had Cyrillic alphabet in their text editor it'd be much more accurate.

Conveniently located near Vincennes Indiana.

Online Josh

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Re: RUAF Bomber/Escort flights
« Reply #7 on: July 10, 2019, 0728 UTC »
While on the subject of Russian High Command and Control.


There are a number of Russian "open channels" intended for military interoperability. Not Emergency channels as we would normally classify them, but selected frequencies with 24/7 watch. Primary use are for intermilitary high priority comms.

HF1: 3630.0  4153.0  2620.0
HF2: 2638.0  4129.0  6350.0
Alternative 1: 6362 cw daytime, baltic fleet

VHF1: 141.25  142.50  115.33  250.50
VHF2: 130.00  124.00

I had wondered if they had a hfgcs. I assume this list along with the above vlf/hf parallel channels comprises some of the CIS C3I via radio. Then there's the dead hand system of wich the buzzer is reportedly a part of. Not to worry, we also have rockets that can launch our missiles after we've been nuked into ash.
Conveniently located near Vincennes Indiana.

Online Josh

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Re: RUAF Bomber/Escort flights
« Reply #8 on: July 12, 2019, 0159 UTC »


Buy you some CIS AF comms gear;
http://yarz.ru/productsaviae.html
(Bozon 2M modem)

More CIS AF and Navy air freqs;

3555.0
4150.0
4642.0
4672.0 Vologda Control
5420.0
5568.0
5617.0
5803.0
5827.0
5830.0
5833.0 Long Range AF
5932.0
6490.0
6685.0  VTA AF (secondary)
7741.0
8033.0
8090.0 Long Range AF
8131.0 Long Range AF
8136.0
8441.0
8909.0- poss AAR
8974.0
11190.0
11193.0 Moscow Radio
11200.0
11223.0 Long Range AF-reserve
11226.0
11354.0 Russian Navy
11350.0
11360.0 VTA AF-primary
11362.0 VTA AF
11380.0
15024.0 Moscow Radio


CIS Naval Air Bases/Calls

RJF94       PRIBOJ     Naval Air Transports Central Sector, Moscow

RJC38       NOVATOR     Naval Air Transports Northern Sector, Murmansk

RCB        KRAKET     Naval Air Transports WesternSector, Kaliningrad 

RCH84       MONOLOG     Naval Air Transports Eastern Sector, Vladivostok

RJC48       NORKA       Naval Air Transports Southern Sector, Sevastopol



CIS Air Force Bases/Calls

KLARNETIST-Tver----Russian AF 196th Military Transport Aviation Regiment

DAVLENIE-Taganrog---Russian AF 708th Military Transport Aviation Regiment

PROSELOK-Bryansk--Russian AF 566th Military Transport Aviation Regiment

POLIS-Orenburg---Russian AF 117th Military Transport Aviation Regiment

KADRIL- Ryazan AB

KORSAR- Pskov AB---Russian AF 334th Military Transport Aviation Regiment

BALTIMOR-Voronezh AB

TROYKA-Krechevskij AB

KVARTET- Taganrog AB

DOROZHNIJ- Rostov-na-Donu AB

KAZACHOK- Budennovsk AB

Roschino - Tyumen AB

RAZVILKA-Klakovo AB

RODINA- Vnukovo AB

KVORUM- Dubrovich AB

KEDR- Bryansk AB

MUDRETS-Khotilovo AB

PRAVDIVIJ-Kubinka AB

KANATNIY- Ivanovo-North AB

IZLUCHATEL-Nikolaevka AB

KARCAS- Elizovo AB

BUNTAR- Orenburg AB

RASPISKA-

GABALA

KATOLIK-

BALANS-

GLINOZEM-

AKUSTIK Russian Strategic Forces

NABOR Russian Strategic Forces

Shpora Russian Strategic Forces

Gazelle Russian Strategic Forces

SHLAGATA Russian Strategic Forces

MASKA Russian Strategic Forces

PROCELKA Russian Strategic Forces

SAKSOFON Russian Strategic Forces

OCHITSKA Russian Strategic Forces
« Last Edit: July 16, 2019, 1957 UTC by Josh »
Conveniently located near Vincennes Indiana.

Offline sat_dxer

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Re: RUAF Bomber/Escort flights
« Reply #9 on: July 12, 2019, 1359 UTC »
"Gazelle Russian Strategic Forces"

According to the "Ron" list: GAZELLE-assoc w/Russian Strategic Forces

Here's the rest from O - Z:
http://www.udxf.nl/Russian-Air-Force-Callsign-List.pdf
Most times & frequencies posted are only an approximation.
Due to adulteration of the E.N.I.G.M.A. "designators" by others and not a match in the Conet Project they are never used.
-30-

Online Josh

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Re: RUAF Bomber/Escort flights
« Reply #10 on: Today at 16:41 »
Get your GOST on;
https://standartgost.ru/0/702-radiosvyaz
Is Rooskii STANAGskii, tovarich gospodin camarad.
Conveniently located near Vincennes Indiana.