Militia Radio Frequencies

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Militia portable handheld tactical radios - VHF/UHF FM dualbanders such as the Baofeng series UV-5R, UV-82, VHF/UHF mobile radios, single-band mobile radios, etc. In military parlance, the functional equal is the VULOS radio - VULOS means VHF UHF Line Of Sight.

UHF (FRS) is preferred for short-range tactical nets, while VHF (MURS) and CB frequencies are preferred for command nets and vehicle to vehicle communications.


At a minimum, militia forces, security forces, boogaloo big igloo groups should have their radios programmed with all 22 FRS channels and the 5 MURS channels.


Contents

Militia Radio Programming Plan - Handheld Radios

This includes the Baofeng UV-5R series, UV-82 series, UV-82HP, etc. This is the basic plan. See below for more expanded plans.

T-CTCS should be set for transmit only. R-CTCS should be set to OFF. If you are using CHIRP to program your radio, the tone mode is Tone, not TSQL. All frequencies with the exception MURS 4 (154.570 MHz) and MURS 5 (154.600 MHz) should be set to NFM (narrow) mode. MURS 4 and MURS 5 should be set to FM (wide) mode. On a manually programmed radio, NFM is NARR and FM is WIDE.

Transmit CTCSS tones are recommended, but not required. Receive must be set for carrier squelch (no receive CTCSS or PL tone). Users may simply turn all tones off (no transmit tone or receive tone) if they prefer. Transmit tones are recommended to facilitate interoperability with commonly used tones and default radio channel/tone settings. For example, the Baofeng BF-888S series radios use 127.3 Hz CTCSS on 462.625 MHz (BF-888S channel 6, FRS channel 18) and 136.5 Hz CTCSS on 462.725 MHz (BF-888S channel 7, FRS channel 22). The Retevis FRS handheld radios use the CTCSS tones indicated for FRS channels 1-7, 15, 18 and 22. For more information on default factory out of the box Baofeng Retevis etc. CTCSS tone settings and frequencies/channel plans, see this page.


  • Channel 001 - MURS 1 - 151.8200 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5Hz - display channel name: MURS 1
  • Channel 002 - MURS 2 - 151.8800 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5Hz - display channel name: MURS 2
  • Channel 003 - MURS 3 - 151.9400 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5Hz - display channel name: MURS 3
  • Channel 004 - MURS 4 - 154.5700 MHz - Mode: FM - Tone: 88.5Hz - display channel name: MURS 4
  • Channel 005 - MURS 5 - 154.6000 MHz - Mode: FM - Tone: 88.5Hz - display channel name: MURS 5
  • Channel 011 - FRS 1 - 462.5625 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 1
  • Channel 012 - FRS 2 - 462.5875 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 2
  • Channel 013 - FRS 3 - 462.6125 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 127.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 3
  • Channel 014 - FRS 4 - 462.6375 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 77.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 4
  • Channel 015 - FRS 5 - 462.6625 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 136.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 5
  • Channel 016 - FRS 6 - 462.6875 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 6
  • Channel 017 - FRS 7 - 462.7125 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 146.2 Hz - display channel name: FRS 7
  • Channel 018 - FRS 8 - 467.5625 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 8
  • Channel 019 - FRS 9 - 467.5875 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 97.4 Hz - display channel name: FRS 9
  • Channel 010 - FRS 10 - 467.6125 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 10
  • Channel 011 - FRS 11 - 467.6375 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 11
  • Channel 012 - FRS 12 - 467.6625 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 12
  • Channel 013 - FRS 13 - 467.6875 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 13
  • Channel 014 - FRS 14 - 467.7125 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 14
  • Channel 015 - FRS 15 - 462.5500 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 15
  • Channel 016 - FRS 16 - 462.5750 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 16
  • Channel 017 - FRS 17 - 462.6000 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 17
  • Channel 018 - FRS 18 - 462.6250 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 127.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 18
  • Channel 019 - FRS 19 - 462.6500 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 19
  • Channel 020 - FRS 20 - 462.6750 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 20
  • Channel 021 - FRS 21 - 462.7000 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 21
  • Channel 022 - FRS 22 - 462.7250 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 136.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 22

Militia Radio Channels Tactical Handheld Radios VHF UHF FRS MURS GMRS Programming Plans

At a minimum, militia forces, security forces, boogaloo big igloo groups should have their radios programmed with all 22 FRS channels and the 5 MURS channels - see recommended channel plan above as well as the channel plan pages for FRS and MURS.

T-CTCS (CTCSS transmit tone) may be set to any tone you like. It is strongly recommended that FRS 1 transmit tone is set for 67.0 Hz PL and FRS 20 transmit tone is set for 141.3 Hz. Receive must be set to carrier squelch or CSQ. This means R-CTCS is always set to OFF. In CHIRP, this means set tone mode to Tone, not T-SQL.


The VHF frequencies are recommended for command nets, the UHF frequencies are recommended for tactical/short-range low probability of intercept (LPI) nets. UHF (FRS) frequencies are ideal for urban operations. Any of the 22 FRS channels may be used for tactical voice radio operations - with deference given to the calling and standby channels - FRS 1, FRS 3, FRS 19 and FRS 20.


  • 151.8200 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF MURS 1 - Tactical and Calling
  • 151.8800 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF MURS 2 - Sovereign Citizen Freeman Primary Patriot Radio Channel
  • 151.9400 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF MURS 3 - Primary Calling, Command Nets, AmRRON Patriot Nationwide Primary MURS 3 (also FRS 3, CB 3 and 146.42 MHz)
  • 154.5700 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF MURS 4 - Patriot Regional Channel Patriot Militia Secondary Channel, Vehicle Coordination
  • 154.6000 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF MURS 5 - Tactical or Command Nets
  • 462.5625 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 1 - FRS Calling Channel - general calling use (set transmit CTCSS to 67.0 Hz)
  • 462.5875 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 2 - Sovereign Citizen Freeman Primary Patriot Radio Channel
  • 462.6125 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 3 - UHF Primary/Calling FRS 3 - AmRRON - also MURS 3, CB 3 and 146.420 MHz
  • 462.6375 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 4 - Patriot Regional Channel/Secondary Tactical, Vehicle Coordination
  • 462.6625 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 5
  • 462.6875 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 6
  • 462.7125 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 7
  • 467.5625 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 8
  • 467.5875 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 9
  • 467.6125 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 10
  • 467.6375 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 11
  • 467.6625 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 12
  • 467.6875 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 13
  • 467.7125 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 14
  • 462.5500 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 15
  • 462.5750 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 16 - Patriot Tactical, Vehicle Coordination (see also: FRS ch. 4)
  • 462.6000 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 17
  • 462.6250 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 18
  • 462.6500 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 19 - Tactical, Inter Squad Radio coordination/inter-group cooperation
  • 462.6750 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 20 - GMRS Calling Channel - general calling use (set transmit CTCSS to 141.3 Hz)
  • 462.7000 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 21 - Tactical, Inter Squad Radio coordination/inter-group cooperation
  • 462.7250 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 22
  • 151.6250 MHz - Militia/Patriot Red Dot VHF Red Dot - Business Band
  • 151.9550 MHz - Militia/Patriot Purple Dot VHF Purple Dot - Business Band
  • 156.6250 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF Marine Channel 72
  • 156.8250 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF Marine Channel 76
  • 151.6250 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS RED DOT 1
  • 151.9550 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS PURPLE DOT 2
  • 152.8850 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 3
  • 154.5700 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 3A (MURS 4)
  • 152.9150 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 4
  • 154.6000 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 4A (MURS 5)
  • 151.7000 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 5
  • 151.7600 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 6
  • 151.9250 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 7
  • 151.8200 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 7A (MURS 1)
  • 151.8350 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 8
  • 151.8800 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 8A (MURS 2)
  • 151.8050 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 9
  • 151.9400 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 9A (MURS 3)
  • 151.5125 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 10
  • 151.6550 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 11
  • 151.6850 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 12
  • 151.7150 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 13
  • 151.7450 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 14
  • 151.7750 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 15
  • 151.8650 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 16
  • 151.8950 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 17
  • 151.9250 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 18
  • 152.7000 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 19 - note, this is a misprint from the Motorola manuals, it should be 152.900 MHz, not 152.700 MHz
  • 154.4900 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 20
  • 154.5150 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 21
  • 154.5275 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 22
  • 154.5400 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 23
  • 153.0050 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 24
  • 154.6550 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 25 - note, this is a misprint from the Motorola manuals, it should be 154.5475 MHz, not 154.665 MHz
  • 158.4000 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 26
  • 158.4075 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 27
  • 464.5000 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF BUSINESS BROWN DOT 1
  • 464.5500 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF BUSINESS YELLOW DOT 2
  • 467.7625 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF BUSINESS UHF BUSINESS J DOT 3
  • 467.8125 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF BUSINESS K DOT 4
  • 467.8500 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF BUSINESS SILVER STAR 5
  • 467.8750 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF BUSINESS GOLD STAR 6
  • 467.9000 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF BUSINESS RED STAR 7
  • 467.9250 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF BUSINESS BLUE STAR 8

Patriot VHF and UHF Militia Radio Plan:

The VHF frequencies are recommended for command nets, the UHF frequencies are recommended for tactical/short-range low probability of intercept (LPI) nets. UHF (FRS) frequencies are ideal for urban operations. FRS channels 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 may be used for short-range inter-squad radio and intra-squad radio with radios set to low transmit power.

  • 151.8200 MHz - MURS1 - CALLING / TACTICAL MURS Channel 1
  • 151.8800 MHz - MURS2 - SOVEREIGN CITIZEN FREEMEN MURS Channel 2
  • 151.9400 MHz - MURS3 - PATRIOT NATIONWIDE PRIMARY MURS Channel 3
  • 154.5700 MHz - MURS4 - PATRIOT REGIONAL SECONDARY MURS Channel 4
  • 154.6000 MHz - MURS5 - TACTICAL/COMMAND NETS MURS Channel 5
  • 462.5625 MHz - FRS1 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 1 - FRS Calling Channel - general calling use (set transmit CTCSS to 67.0 Hz)
  • 462.5875 MHz - FRS2 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 2 - Sovereign Citizen Freeman Primary Patriot Radio Channel
  • 462.6125 MHz - FRS3 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 3 - UHF Primary/Calling FRS 3 - AmRRON
  • 462.6375 MHz - FRS4 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 4 - Patriot Regional Channel/Secondary Tactical, Vehicle Coordination
  • 462.6625 MHz - FRS5 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 5
  • 462.6875 MHz - FRS6 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 6
  • 462.7125 MHz - FRS7 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 7
  • 467.5625 MHz - FRS8 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 8 - Tactical
  • 467.5875 MHz - FRS9 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 9
  • 467.6125 MHz - FRS10 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 10
  • 467.6375 MHz - FRS11 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 11
  • 467.6625 MHz - FRS12 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 12
  • 467.6875 MHz - FRS13 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 13
  • 467.7125 MHz - FRS14 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 14
  • 462.5500 MHz - FRS15 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 15 - Tactical
  • 462.5750 MHz - FRS16 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 16 - Patriot Tactical, Vehicle Coordination
  • 462.6000 MHz - FRS17 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 17 - Tactical
  • 462.6250 MHz - FRS18 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 18
  • 462.6500 MHz - FRS19 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 19 - Tactical, Inter Squad Radio coordination/inter-group cooperation
  • 462.6750 MHz - FRS20 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 20 - GMRS Calling Channel - general calling use (set transmit CTCSS to 141.3 Hz
  • 462.7000 MHz - FRS21 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 21 - Tactical, Inter Squad Radio coordination/inter-group cooperation
  • 462.7250 MHz - FRS22 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 22
  • 152.8850 MHz - BIZ 3 - BUSINESS 3 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 152.9150 MHz - BIZ 4 - BUSINESS 4 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.7000 MHz - BIZ 5 - BUSINESS 5 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.7600 MHz - BIZ 6 - BUSINESS 6 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 152.9450 MHz - BIZ 7 - BUSINESS 7 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.8350 MHz - BIZ 8 - BUSINESS 8 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.8050 MHz - BIZ 9 - BUSINESS 9 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.5125 MHz - BIZ 10 - BUSINESS 10 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.6550 MHz - BIZ 11 - BUSINESS 11 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.6850 MHz - BIZ 12 - BUSINESS 12 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.7150 MHz - BIZ 13 - BUSINESS 13 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.7450 MHz - BIZ 14 - BUSINESS 14 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.7750 MHz - BIZ 15 - BUSINESS 15 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.8650 MHz - BIZ 16 - BUSINESS 16 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.8950 MHz - BIZ 17 - BUSINESS 17 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 152.7000 MHz - BIZ 18 - BUSINESS 18 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA (misprint)
  • 152.9000 MHz - BIZ 18 - Correct frequency for BIZ 18
  • 154.4900 MHz - BIZ 19 - BUSINESS 19 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 154.5150 MHz - BIZ 20 - BUSINESS 20 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 154.5275 MHz - BIZ 21 - BUSINESS 21 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 154.5400 MHz - BIZ 22 - BUSINESS 22 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 153.0050 MHz - BIZ 23 - BUSINESS 23 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 154.6650 MHz - BIZ 24 - BUSINESS 24 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA (misprint)
  • 154.5475 MHz - BIZ 24 - Correct frequency for BIZ 24
  • 158.4000 MHz - BIZ 25 - BUSINESS 25 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 158.4075 MHz - BIZ 26 - BUSINESS 18 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 156.8000 MHz - BOAT16 - VHF Marine Channel 16 - Distress/Emergency Calling
  • 156.6250 MHz - BOAT72 - VHF Marine Channel 72
  • 156.8250 MHz - BOAT76 - VHF Marine Channel 76
  • 146.4200 MHz - HAMV42 - 2 meter amateur radio ham channel 146.420 MHz Patriot/Militia - AmRRON channel
  • 146.4850 MHz - HAMV48 - 2 meter amateur radio ham channel 146.485 MHz Patriot/Militia - see also: 146.490 simplex freq.
  • 146.5200 MHz - HAMV52 - 2 meter amateur radio ham nationwide simplex calling frequency "52" 146.520 MHz
  • 146.5500 MHz - HAMV55 - 2 meter amateur radio ham simplex 146.550 MHz Patriot/Militia/Survivalist Simplex
  • 146.5350 MHz - HAMV53 - 2 meter amateur radio ham simplex 146.535 MHz (sometimes listed as 146.530 MHz or 146.53 MHz)
  • 146.7250 MHz - HAMV72 - 2 meter amateur radio ham channel 146.725 MHz Patriot/Militia
  • 446.0000 MHz - HAM U - 70cm amateur radio ham nationwide simplex calling frequency 446.0 MHz 446.000 MHz
  • 446.0250 MHz - HAM U2 - 70cm amateur radio ham nationwide simplex 446.025 MHz
  • 446.0375 MHz - HAM U3 - 70cm amateur radio ham nationwide simplex 446.0375 MHz - sometimes listed as 446.03 MHz or 446.035 MHz
  • 445.9750 MHz - HAM U4 - 70cm amateur radio ham nationwide simplex 445.975 MHz

UHF and VHF range handheld radios range line of sight improving handheld tactical voice radio range discussion

VHF UHF Line Of Sight VULOS Tactical Radio line-of-sight LOS example diagram

Inter Squad Radio (ISR) - Handheld Tactical Militia Radio - not to be confused with intra-squad radio (see below).

UHF frequencies (including all the 462 MHz/467 MHz FRS/GMRS channels and 464 MHz/467 MHz Dot/Star frequencies) generally perform better on handheld radios due to antenna considerations. VHF frequencies (including the MURS channels) perform better with mobile (vehicle mounted) antennas. In urban areas, UHF provides considerably better penetration of buildings and requires a much smaller antenna. This makes UHF ideal for inter squad and intra squad tactical communications. VHF (MURS) may be used in urban areas as well, but performs better in rural or suburban areas. Both VHF and UHF are line of sight LOS). This means that the tops of high-rise buildings, overlooks, rises in terrain, hill tops, mountaintops and other locations that overlook the surrounding area will provide surprising increases in range from tactical VHF/UHF handheld radios such as the Baofeng UV-5R, UV-82, BF-F8+, UV-82HP, Pofung versions, Quansheng TG-UV2, Wouxun KG-UVD1P, KG-UV6D, KG-UV9P, KG-805G, etc.

Line of sight (LOS) at VHF/UHF frequencies (FRS and MURS frequencies). Note that these range estimates are with no obstructions.

In an urban area (with numerous obstructions), two handheld radios at street level can expect closer to 1-2 mile range. However, increasing the height of just one of the two radios will significantly improve communications reliability. If both radios are located above the average ground level, communications range increases drastically. The prudent thing to do is acquire topographical maps of the intended and possible area or areas of operations...noting which locations are rises or hills above the surrounding area. In an urban setting, this is extremely important. On VHF (MURS), modern steel, concrete, cement, etc. construction will block communications quite effectively. Get up as high as you can to improve communications link reliability.

Line of Sight LOS Range Estimations for VHF/UHF Radios VULOS

  • Radio A - 5 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 5 feet above ground = 5 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 20 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 5 feet above ground = 9 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 30 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 5 feet above ground = 11 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 50 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 5 feet above ground = 13 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 5 feet above ground = 17 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 20 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 10 feet above ground = 10 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 20 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 20 feet above ground = 12 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 30 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 10 feet above ground = 12 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 30 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 20 feet above ground = 14 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 30 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 30 feet above ground = 16 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 50 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 10 feet above ground = 14 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 50 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 20 feet above ground = 16 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 50 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 30 feet above ground = 18 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 50 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 40 feet above ground = 19 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 50 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 50 feet above ground = 20 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 10 feet above ground = 18 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 20 feet above ground = 20 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 30 feet above ground = 22 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 40 feet above ground = 23 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 50 feet above ground = 24 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 60 feet above ground = 25 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 75 feet above ground = 26 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 100 feet above ground = 28 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 5 feet above ground = 23 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 10 feet above ground = 24 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 25 feet above ground = 27 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 50 feet above ground = 30 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 75 feet above ground = 32 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 100 feet above ground = 34 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 125 feet above ground = 36 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 150 feet above ground = 37 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 175 feet above ground = 39 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 200 feet above ground = 40 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 5 feet above ground = 35 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 10 feet above ground = 36 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 25 feet above ground = 39 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 50 feet above ground = 42 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 75 feet above ground = 44 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 100 feet above ground = 46 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 150 feet above ground = 49 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 200 feet above ground = 52 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 250 feet above ground = 54 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 500 feet above ground = 64 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 5 feet above ground = 48 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 10 feet above ground = 49 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 25 feet above ground = 52 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 50 feet above ground = 55 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 100 feet above ground = 59 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 150 feet above ground = 62 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 200 feet above ground = 65 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 250 feet above ground = 67 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 500 feet above ground = 77 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 750 feet above ground = 84 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 1000 feet above ground = 90 miles line of sight range


See also: Common VHF Itinerant Frequencies, AM and SSB CB frequencies, Hunt Club Frequencies and the American Redoubt Radio Operators Network (AmRRON) and The American Preparedness Radio Network (TAPRN) pages. Specific AM and SSB 11 meter CB frequencies are included - 26.985 MHz AM, 27.005 MHz AM, 27.365 MHz USB, 27.368 MHz USB, 27.375 MHz USB, 27.378 MHz USB and 27.425 MHz.

The 22 UHF FRS channels and 5 VHF MURS channels form the backbone of the VHF/UHF tactical and command networks used by militia groups. The 22 FRS channels are used in addition to the 5 MURS channels. Because FRS is on the UHF band, it performs better for inter squad and intra squad radio compared to VHF. FRS considerably outperforms MURS in urban environments. MURS, however, offers greater range on a watt-for-watt basis. CB and 11 meter frequencies will give the best range (especially in rural areas). Base stations with CB and VHF (MURS) capability are recommended for command and control. Handheld militia radios should be programmed with the 5 MURS channels and the 22 FRS channels at a minimum.

Lower frequencies, including VHF low (30-50 MHz) and the 11 meter freeband and CB channels (25-28 MHz) will provide better range, provided good antennas are used. Lower frequencies will bend beyond the horizon slightly (better than VHF and much better than UHF). The 11m band (including the CB frequencies) provides excellent vehicle to vehicle communications properties if decent antennas are used. With SSB equipment on a clear frequency, long range tactical and command nets are possible with the 25-28 MHz region.



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