Militia Radio Frequencies

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Militia portable handheld tactical radios - VHF/UHF FM dualbanders such as the Baofeng series UV-5R, UV-82, VHF/UHF mobile radios, single-band mobile radios, etc. In military parlance, the functional equal is the VULOS tactical radio - VULOS means VHF UHF Line Of Sight.

UHF (FRS) is preferred for short-range tactical nets, while VHF (MURS) and CB frequencies are preferred for command nets and vehicle to vehicle communications. Amateur frequencies should never be used by unlicensed personnel or radio operators.

Contents

Militia Radio Programming Plan Militia Patriot Handheld Tactical Radio Frequencies Channels

May be hand programmed manually in your Baofeng or programmed using CHIRP software - field programming militia tactical radio frequencies. R-CTCS: OFF, T-CTCS: [see transmit tones listed below...remember to leave the receive in CSQ carrier squelch mode. R-DCS and T-DCS should both be set to OFF. TXP: HIGH - high power. ROGER: OFF. VOICE: OFF. WN: NARR (narrow). Recommend transmit CTCSS (T-CTCS) tone 67.0 Hz for FRS channel 1 (462.5625 MHz) and 141.3 Hz for FRS channel 20 (462.6750 MHz). See transmit CTCSS tone recommendations on list below.

  • Channel 1 - 462.5625 MHz - FRS 1 - FRS Nationwide Calling
  • Channel 2 - 462.5875 MHz - FRS 2 - Tac
  • Channel 3 - 462.6125 MHz - FRS 3 - Primary Patriot Militia Calling
  • Channel 4 - 462.6375 MHz - FRS 4 - Convoy Tac Ops
  • Channel 5 - 462.6625 MHz - FRS 5 - Tac
  • Channel 6 - 462.6875 MHz - FRS 6 - Tac
  • Channel 7 - 462.7125 MHz - FRS 7 - Tac
  • Channel 8 - 467.5625 MHz - FRS 8 - Tac
  • Channel 9 - 467.5875 MHz - FRS 9 - Tac, Calling/Mutual Aid
  • Channel 10 - 467.6125 MHz - FRS 10 - Tac
  • Channel 11 - 467.6375 MHz - FRS 11 - Tac
  • Channel 12 - 467.6625 MHz - FRS 12 - Tac
  • Channel 13 - 467.6875 MHz - FRS 13 - Tac
  • Channel 14 - 467.7125 MHz - FRS 14 - Tac
  • Channel 15 - 462.5500 MHz - FRS 15 - Tac
  • Channel 16 - 462.5750 MHz - FRS 16 - Convoy Tac Ops
  • Channel 17 - 462.6000 MHz - FRS 17 - Patriot Militia Ops Tactical
  • Channel 18 - 462.6250 MHz - FRS 18 - Tac
  • Channel 19 - 462.6500 MHz - FRS 19 - Tac, Calling/Mutual Aid
  • Channel 20 - 462.6750 MHz - FRS 20 - Calling/GMRS Travel Channel
  • Channel 21 - 462.7000 MHz - FRS 21 - Tac
  • Channel 22 - 462.7250 MHz - FRS 22 - Tac
  • Channel 31 - 151.8200 MHz - MURS 1 - Calling, Tac/Ops
  • Channel 32 - 151.8800 MHz - MURS 2 - Command or Safety Channel
  • Channel 33 - 151.9400 MHz - MURS 3 - Primary Patriot Militia Calling or Prepper Frequency Prep
  • Channel 34 - 154.5700 MHz - MURS 4 - Command Blue or Tac/Ops (alternate to MURS 1 and MURS 3)
  • Channel 35 - 154.6000 MHz - MURS 5 - Command Green or Tac/Ops (alternate to MURS 1 and MURS 3)

T-CTCS (transmit tone) recommendations below. For additional information, see the FAQ section of the FRS page. ALWAYS LEAVE RECEIVER SQUELCH OPEN (CSQ). On CHIRP it's Tone, not TSQL. When programming a radio manually, R-CTCS should be set to OFF. T-DCS set to OFF and R-DCS set to OFF.

  • FRS 1 - 462.5625 MHz - 67.0 Hz
  • FRS 2 - 462.5875 MHz - 71.9 Hz or 118.8 Hz
  • FRS 3 - 462.6125 MHz - 74.4 Hz, 88.5 Hz or 127.3 Hz.
  • FRS 4 - 462.6375 MHz - 131.8 Hz
  • FRS 5 - 462.6625 MHz - 136.5 Hz, 79.7 Hz, or 88.5 Hz
  • FRS 6 - 462.6875 MHz - 141.3 Hz
  • FRS 7 - 462.7125 MHz - 97.4 Hz or 146.2 Hz
  • FRS 8 - 467.5625 MHz - 88.5 Hz
  • FRS 9 - 467.5875 MHz - 88.5 Hz, 97.4 Hz, or 127.3 Hz
  • FRS 10 - 467.6125 MHz - 77.0 Hz or 88.5 Hz
  • FRS 11 - 467.6375 MHz - 88.5 Hz
  • FRS 12 - 467.6625 MHz - 88.5 Hz
  • FRS 13 - 467.6875 MHz - 88.5 Hz
  • FRS 14 - 467.7125 MHz - 88.5 Hz or 107.2 Hz
  • FRS 15 - 462.5500 MHz - 71.9 Hz, 123.0 Hz or 141.3 Hz
  • FRS 16 - 462.5750 MHz - 141.3 Hz
  • FRS 17 - 462.6000 MHz - 141.3 Hz
  • FRS 18 - 462.6250 MHz - 127.3 Hz
  • FRS 19 - 462.6500 MHz - 127.3 Hz or 141.3 Hz
  • FRS 20 - 462.6750 MHz - 141.3 Hz strongly recommended
  • FRS 21 - 462.7000 MHz - 141.3 Hz
  • FRS 22 - 462.7250 MHz - 136.5 Hz
  • MURS 1 - 151.8200 MHz - 88.5 Hz CALL
  • MURS 2 - 151.8800 MHz - 88.5 Hz or 210.7 Hz CTCSS SAFETY tone transmit recommend 210.7 Hz PL
  • MURS 3 - 151.9400 MHz - 88.5 Hz or 141.3 Hz CTCSS PREP tone transmit 141.3 Hz PL
  • MURS 4 - 154.5700 MHz - 88.5 Hz COMMAND/TAC BLUE
  • MURS 5 - 154.6000 MHz - 88.5 Hz COMMAND/TAC GREEN

Militia Radio Programming Plan - Handheld Radios

This includes the Baofeng UV-5R series such as the UV-5R, BF-F8HP, BF-F8HP+ UV-5RE, UV-5RA, UV-5R+, UV-5R Plus, UV-6R, UV-82, UV-82L, UV-82C, UV-82HP, etc. This is the basic plan. See below for more expanded plans. Nearly all Baofeng radios have been sold in the USA under the Retevis, Pofung and other brand names. This plan works for other radios that cover the VHF and UHF bands, including the BJ-218 or TM-218 mini 25 watt mobile radio, the TYT TH-9800D, other TYT handheld radios, Puxing, Quansheng and others.

T-CTCS should be set for transmit only. R-CTCS should be set to OFF. If you are using CHIRP to program your radio, the tone mode is Tone, not TSQL. All frequencies with the exception MURS 4 (154.570 MHz) and MURS 5 (154.600 MHz) should be set to NFM (narrow) mode. MURS 4 and MURS 5 should be set to FM (wide) mode. On a manually programmed radio, NFM is NARR and FM is WIDE.

Transmit CTCSS tones are recommended, but not required. Receive must be set for carrier squelch (no receive CTCSS or PL tone). Users may simply turn all tones off (no transmit tone or receive tone) if they prefer. Recommended transmit CTCSS T-CTCS PL tones listed below - see the 210.7 Hz SAFETY tone (MURS channel 2) and the 141.3 Hz PREP tone (MURS channel 3). Recommend 141.3 Hz CALL tone for FRS channel 20 462.675 MHz and 67.0 Hz CALL tone for FRS channel 1 - 462.5625 MHz.

Transmit tones are recommended to facilitate interoperability with commonly used tones and default radio channel/tone settings. For example, the Baofeng BF-888S series radios use 127.3 Hz CTCSS on 462.625 MHz (BF-888S channel 6, FRS channel 18) and 136.5 Hz CTCSS on 462.725 MHz (BF-888S channel 7, FRS channel 22). The Retevis FRS handheld radios use the CTCSS tones indicated for FRS channels 1-7, 15, 18 and 22. For more information on default factory out of the box Baofeng Retevis etc. CTCSS tone settings and frequencies/channel plans, see this page.

Simplified MURS / FRS tactical programming - Radio settings: WN: NARR ROGER: OFF ANI: OFF RP-STE: OFF STE: OFF TOT: 30 T-CTCS: 88.5Hz R-CTCS: OFF T-DCS: OFF R-DCS: OFF

  • Channel - FUTURE SECTION FOR SIMPLIFIED PLAN

Handheld Radio VHF UHF FRS GMRS MURS Militia Channels MURS Militia Baofeng Programming Plan FRS MURS

  • Channel 001 - FRS 1 - 462.5625 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 1
  • Channel 002 - FRS 2 - 462.5875 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 118.8 Hz - display channel name: FRS 2
  • Channel 003 - FRS 3 - 462.6125 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 127.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 3
  • Channel 004 - FRS 4 - 462.6375 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 131.8 Hz - display channel name: FRS 4
  • Channel 005 - FRS 5 - 462.6625 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 136.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 5
  • Channel 006 - FRS 6 - 462.6875 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 6
  • Channel 007 - FRS 7 - 462.7125 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 146.2 Hz - display channel name: FRS 7
  • Channel 008 - FRS 8 - 467.5625 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 8
  • Channel 009 - FRS 9 - 467.5875 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 9
  • Channel 010 - FRS 10 - 467.6125 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 10
  • Channel 011 - FRS 11 - 467.6375 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 11
  • Channel 012 - FRS 12 - 467.6625 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 12
  • Channel 013 - FRS 13 - 467.6875 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 13
  • Channel 014 - FRS 14 - 467.7125 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 14
  • Channel 015 - FRS 15 - 462.5500 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 123.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 15
  • Channel 016 - FRS 16 - 462.5750 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 16
  • Channel 017 - FRS 17 - 462.6000 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 17
  • Channel 018 - FRS 18 - 462.6250 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 127.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 18
  • Channel 019 - FRS 19 - 462.6500 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 19
  • Channel 020 - FRS 20 - 462.6750 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 20
  • Channel 021 - FRS 21 - 462.7000 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 21
  • Channel 022 - FRS 22 - 462.7250 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 136.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 22
  • Channel 031 - MURS 1 - 151.8200 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: MURS 1
  • Channel 032 - MURS 2 - 151.8800 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 210.7 Hz - display channel name: MURS 2
  • Channel 033 - MURS 3 - 151.9400 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: MURS 3
  • Channel 034 - MURS 4 - 154.5700 MHz - Mode: FM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: MURS 4
  • Channel 035 - MURS 5 - 154.6000 MHz - Mode: FM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: MURS 5
  • Channel 041 - FRS 1 - 462.5625 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 1 CALL - high power setting
  • Channel 042 - FRS 2 - 462.5875 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 118.8 Hz - display channel name: FRS 2 CALL - high power setting
  • Channel 043 - FRS 3 - 462.6125 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 127.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 3 CALL - high power setting
  • Channel 044 - FRS 20 - 462.6750 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 20 CALL - high power setting
  • Channel 045 - MURS 3 - 151.9400 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 - display channel name: MURS 3 CALL - high power setting
  • Channel 046 - MURS 4 - 154.5700 MHz - Mode: FM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: MURS 4 TAC - low power setting
  • Channel 047 - MURS 5 - 154.6000 MHz - Mode: FM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: MURS 5 TAC - low power setting
  • Channel 048 - FRS 8 - 467.5625 MHz - Mode: NFM_ - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 8 TAC - low power setting
  • Channel 048 - FRS 9 - 467.5875 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 9 TAC - low power setting
  • Channel 050 - FRS 10 - 467.6125 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 10 TAC - low power setting
  • Channel 051 - FRS 11 - 467.6375 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 11 TAC - low power setting
  • Channel 052 - FRS 12 - 467.6625 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 12 TAC - low power setting
  • Channel 053 - FRS 13 - 467.6875 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 13 TAC - low power setting
  • Channel 054 - FRS 14 - 467.7125 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 88.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 14 TAC - low power setting
  • Channel 101 - FRS 1 - 462.5625 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 1 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 102 - FRS 2 - 462.5875 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 118.8 Hz - display channel name: FRS 2 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 103 - FRS 3 - 462.6125 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 127.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 3 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 104 - FRS 4 - 462.6375 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 131.8 Hz - display channel name: FRS 4 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 105 - FRS 5 - 462.6625 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 136.5 Hz - display channel name: FRS 5 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 106 - FRS 6 - 462.6875 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 6 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 107 - FRS 7 - 462.7125 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 146.2 Hz - display channel name: FRS 7 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 108 - FRS 8 - 467.5625 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 8 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 109 - FRS 9 - 467.5875 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 9 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 110 - FRS 10 - 467.6125 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 10 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 111 - FRS 11 - 467.6375 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 11 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 112 - FRS 12 - 467.6625 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 12 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 113 - FRS 13 - 467.6875 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 13 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 114 - FRS 14 - 467.7125 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 67.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 14 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 115 - FRS 15 - 462.5500 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 123.0 Hz - display channel name: FRS 15 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 116 - FRS 16 - 462.5750 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 16 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 117 - FRS 17 - 462.6000 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 17 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 118 - FRS 18 - 462.6250 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 18 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 119 - FRS 19 - 462.6500 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 19 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 120 - FRS 20 - 462.6750 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 20 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 121 - FRS 21 - 462.7000 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 21 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 122 - FRS 22 - 462.7250 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: FRS 22 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 123 - MURS 1 - 151.8200 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 77.0 Hz - display channel name: MURS 1 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 124 - MURS 2 - 151.8800 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 210.7 Hz - display channel name: MURS 2 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 125 - MURS 3 - 151.9400 MHz - Mode: NFM - Tone: 141.3 Hz - display channel name: MURS 3 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 126 - MURS 4 - 154.5700 MHz - Mode: FM - Tone: 77.0 Hz - display channel name: MURS 4 HP - high power setting
  • Channel 127 - MURS 5 - 154.6000 MHz - Mode: FM - Tone: 77.0 Hz - display channel name: MURS 5 HP - high power setting

Militia Radio Channels Tactical Handheld Radios VHF UHF FRS MURS GMRS Programming Plans

At a minimum, militia forces, security forces, boogaloo big igloo groups should have their radios programmed with all 22 FRS channels and the 5 MURS channels - see recommended channel plan above as well as the channel plan pages for FRS and MURS.

T-CTCS (CTCSS transmit tone) may be set to any tone you like. It is strongly recommended that FRS 1 transmit tone is set for 67.0 Hz PL and FRS 20 transmit tone is set for 141.3 Hz. Receive must be set to carrier squelch or CSQ. This means R-CTCS is always set to OFF. In CHIRP, this means set tone mode to Tone, not T-SQL.


The VHF frequencies are recommended for command nets, the UHF frequencies are recommended for tactical/short-range low probability of intercept (LPI) nets. UHF (FRS) frequencies are ideal for urban operations. Any of the 22 FRS channels may be used for tactical voice radio operations - with deference given to the calling and standby channels - FRS 1, FRS 2 FRS 3, and FRS 20.


  • 151.8200 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF MURS 1 - Tactical and Calling
  • 151.8800 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF MURS 2 - Sovereign Citizen Freeman Primary Patriot Radio Channel
  • 151.9400 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF MURS 3 - Primary Calling, Command Nets, AmRRON Patriot Nationwide Primary MURS 3 (also FRS 3, CB 3 and 146.42 MHz)
  • 154.5700 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF MURS 4 - Patriot Regional Channel Patriot Militia Secondary Channel, Vehicle Coordination
  • 154.6000 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF MURS 5 - Tactical or Command Nets
  • 462.5625 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 1 - FRS Calling Channel - general calling use (set transmit CTCSS to 67.0 Hz)
  • 462.5875 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 2 - Sovereign Citizen Freeman Primary Patriot Radio Channel
  • 462.6125 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 3 - UHF Primary/Calling FRS 3 - AmRRON - also MURS 3, CB 3 and 146.420 MHz
  • 462.6375 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 4 - Patriot Regional Channel/Secondary Tactical, Vehicle Coordination
  • 462.6625 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 5
  • 462.6875 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 6
  • 462.7125 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 7
  • 467.5625 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 8 - Tactical, Inter Squad Radio coordination/inter-group cooperation
  • 467.5875 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 9 - Tactical, Inter Squad Radio coordination/inter-group cooperation
  • 467.6125 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 10 - Tactical, Inter Squad Radio coordination/inter-group cooperation
  • 467.6375 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 11 - Tactical, Inter Squad Radio coordination/inter-group cooperation
  • 467.6625 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 12 - Tactical, Inter Squad Radio coordination/inter-group cooperation
  • 467.6875 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 13 - Tactical, Inter Squad Radio coordination/inter-group cooperation
  • 467.7125 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 14 - Tactical, Inter Squad Radio coordination/inter-group cooperation
  • 462.5500 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 15
  • 462.5750 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 16 - Patriot Tactical, Vehicle Coordination (see also: FRS ch. 4)
  • 462.6000 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 17
  • 462.6250 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 18
  • 462.6500 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 19 - Tactical, Inter Squad Radio coordination/inter-group cooperation
  • 462.6750 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 20 - GMRS Calling Channel - general calling use (set transmit CTCSS to 141.3 Hz)
  • 462.7000 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 21 - Tactical, Inter Squad Radio coordination/inter-group cooperation
  • 462.7250 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS 22
  • 151.6250 MHz - Militia/Patriot Red Dot VHF Red Dot - Business Band
  • 151.9550 MHz - Militia/Patriot Purple Dot VHF Purple Dot - Business Band
  • 156.6250 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF Marine Channel 72
  • 156.8250 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF Marine Channel 76
  • 151.6250 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS RED DOT 1
  • 151.9550 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS PURPLE DOT 2
  • 152.8850 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 3
  • 154.5700 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 3A (MURS 4)
  • 152.9150 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 4
  • 154.6000 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 4A (MURS 5)
  • 151.7000 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 5
  • 151.7600 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 6
  • 151.9250 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 7
  • 151.8200 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 7A (MURS 1)
  • 151.8350 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 8
  • 151.8800 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 8A (MURS 2)
  • 151.8050 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 9
  • 151.9400 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 9A (MURS 3)
  • 151.5125 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 10
  • 151.6550 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 11
  • 151.6850 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 12
  • 151.7150 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 13
  • 151.7450 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 14
  • 151.7750 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 15
  • 151.8650 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 16
  • 151.8950 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 17
  • 151.9250 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 18
  • 152.7000 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 19 - note, this is a misprint from the Motorola manuals, it should be 152.900 MHz, not 152.700 MHz
  • 154.4900 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 20
  • 154.5150 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 21
  • 154.5275 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 22
  • 154.5400 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 23
  • 153.0050 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 24
  • 154.6550 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 25 - note, this is a misprint from the Motorola manuals, it should be 154.5475 MHz, not 154.665 MHz
  • 158.4000 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 26
  • 158.4075 MHz - Militia/Patriot VHF BUSINESS 27
  • 464.5000 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF BUSINESS BROWN DOT 1
  • 464.5500 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF BUSINESS YELLOW DOT 2
  • 467.7625 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF BUSINESS UHF BUSINESS J DOT 3
  • 467.8125 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF BUSINESS K DOT 4
  • 467.8500 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF BUSINESS SILVER STAR 5
  • 467.8750 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF BUSINESS GOLD STAR 6
  • 467.9000 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF BUSINESS RED STAR 7
  • 467.9250 MHz - Militia/Patriot UHF BUSINESS BLUE STAR 8

Patriot VHF and UHF Militia Radio Plan:

The VHF frequencies are recommended for command nets, the UHF frequencies are recommended for tactical/short-range low probability of intercept (LPI) nets. UHF (FRS) frequencies are ideal for urban operations. FRS channels 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 may be used for short-range inter-squad radio and intra-squad radio with radios set to low transmit power.

  • 151.8200 MHz - MURS1 - CALLING / TACTICAL MURS Channel 1
  • 151.8800 MHz - MURS2 - SOVEREIGN CITIZEN FREEMEN MURS Channel 2
  • 151.9400 MHz - MURS3 - PATRIOT NATIONWIDE PRIMARY MURS Channel 3
  • 154.5700 MHz - MURS4 - PATRIOT REGIONAL SECONDARY MURS Channel 4
  • 154.6000 MHz - MURS5 - TACTICAL/COMMAND NETS MURS Channel 5
  • 462.5625 MHz - FRS1 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 1 - FRS Calling Channel - general calling use (set transmit CTCSS to 67.0 Hz)
  • 462.5875 MHz - FRS2 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 2 - Sovereign Citizen Freeman Primary Patriot Radio Channel
  • 462.6125 MHz - FRS3 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 3 - UHF Primary/Calling FRS 3 - AmRRON
  • 462.6375 MHz - FRS4 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 4 - Patriot Regional Channel/Secondary Tactical, Vehicle Coordination
  • 462.6625 MHz - FRS5 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 5
  • 462.6875 MHz - FRS6 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 6
  • 462.7125 MHz - FRS7 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 7
  • 467.5625 MHz - FRS8 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 8 - Tactical
  • 467.5875 MHz - FRS9 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 9 - Tactical
  • 467.6125 MHz - FRS10 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 10 - Tactical
  • 467.6375 MHz - FRS11 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 11 - Tactical
  • 467.6625 MHz - FRS12 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 12 - Tactical
  • 467.6875 MHz - FRS13 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 13 - Tactical
  • 467.7125 MHz - FRS14 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 14 - Tactical
  • 462.5500 MHz - FRS15 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 15 - Tactical
  • 462.5750 MHz - FRS16 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 16 - Patriot Tactical, Vehicle Coordination
  • 462.6000 MHz - FRS17 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 17 - Tactical
  • 462.6250 MHz - FRS18 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 18
  • 462.6500 MHz - FRS19 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 19 - Tactical, Inter Squad Radio coordination/inter-group cooperation
  • 462.6750 MHz - FRS20 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 20 - GMRS Calling Channel - general calling use (set transmit CTCSS to 141.3 Hz
  • 462.7000 MHz - FRS21 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 21 - Tactical, Inter Squad Radio coordination/inter-group cooperation
  • 462.7250 MHz - FRS22 - Militia/Patriot UHF FRS Channel 22
  • 152.8850 MHz - BIZ 3 - BUSINESS 3 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 152.9150 MHz - BIZ 4 - BUSINESS 4 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.7000 MHz - BIZ 5 - BUSINESS 5 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.7600 MHz - BIZ 6 - BUSINESS 6 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 152.9450 MHz - BIZ 7 - BUSINESS 7 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.8350 MHz - BIZ 8 - BUSINESS 8 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.8050 MHz - BIZ 9 - BUSINESS 9 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.5125 MHz - BIZ 10 - BUSINESS 10 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.6550 MHz - BIZ 11 - BUSINESS 11 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.6850 MHz - BIZ 12 - BUSINESS 12 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.7150 MHz - BIZ 13 - BUSINESS 13 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.7450 MHz - BIZ 14 - BUSINESS 14 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.7750 MHz - BIZ 15 - BUSINESS 15 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.8650 MHz - BIZ 16 - BUSINESS 16 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 151.8950 MHz - BIZ 17 - BUSINESS 17 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 152.7000 MHz - BIZ 18 - BUSINESS 18 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA (misprint)
  • 152.9000 MHz - BIZ 18 - Correct frequency for BIZ 18
  • 154.4900 MHz - BIZ 19 - BUSINESS 19 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 154.5150 MHz - BIZ 20 - BUSINESS 20 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 154.5275 MHz - BIZ 21 - BUSINESS 21 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 154.5400 MHz - BIZ 22 - BUSINESS 22 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 153.0050 MHz - BIZ 23 - BUSINESS 23 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 154.6650 MHz - BIZ 24 - BUSINESS 24 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA (misprint)
  • 154.5475 MHz - BIZ 24 - Correct frequency for BIZ 24
  • 158.4000 MHz - BIZ 25 - BUSINESS 25 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 158.4075 MHz - BIZ 26 - BUSINESS 18 / FREEBAND / PATRIOT / MILITIA
  • 156.8000 MHz - BOAT16 - VHF Marine Channel 16 - Distress/Emergency Calling
  • 156.6250 MHz - BOAT72 - VHF Marine Channel 72
  • 156.8250 MHz - BOAT76 - VHF Marine Channel 76
  • 146.4200 MHz - HAMV42 - 2 meter amateur radio ham channel 146.420 MHz Patriot/Militia - AmRRON channel
  • 146.4850 MHz - HAMV48 - 2 meter amateur radio ham channel 146.485 MHz Patriot/Militia - see also: 146.490 simplex freq.
  • 146.5200 MHz - HAMV52 - 2 meter amateur radio ham nationwide simplex calling frequency "52" 146.520 MHz
  • 146.5500 MHz - HAMV55 - 2 meter amateur radio ham simplex 146.550 MHz Patriot/Militia/Survivalist Simplex
  • 146.5350 MHz - HAMV53 - 2 meter amateur radio ham simplex 146.535 MHz (sometimes listed as 146.530 MHz or 146.53 MHz)
  • 146.7250 MHz - HAMV72 - 2 meter amateur radio ham channel 146.725 MHz Patriot/Militia
  • 446.0000 MHz - HAM U - 70cm amateur radio ham nationwide simplex calling frequency 446.0 MHz 446.000 MHz
  • 446.0250 MHz - HAM U2 - 70cm amateur radio ham nationwide simplex 446.025 MHz
  • 446.0375 MHz - HAM U3 - 70cm amateur radio ham nationwide simplex 446.0375 MHz - sometimes listed as 446.03 MHz or 446.035 MHz
  • 445.9750 MHz - HAM U4 - 70cm amateur radio ham nationwide simplex 445.975 MHz


UHF Only 16-Channel Intra-Squad Radio Inter-Squad Radio ISR

Inexpensive 16-channel UHF 400-480 MHz 400-470 MHz 450-470 MHz 16 channel handheld radios such as the BF-888S family (BF-666S, BHD B-828, B-480, BF-777S, PX-777, RT22, RT24, RT1, BF-9700 etc.) may be used in addition to 128-channel VHF/UHF radios for short range inter squad radio tactical purposes. Low power setting provides adequate range while still providing for low probability of intercept (LPI). Other options include ready to go FRS radios by Retevis and Boafeng, including the BF-88A, LE-88A and similar radios.

Recommend low power setting and, if used as intra squad radios only, CTCSS (PL) or DCS (DPL) - TSQL or DCS on Baofeng radios. Set mode to NFM (narrow FM). Example programming plan - with use of non-standard CTCSS tones. DCS codes may also be used. Use of the UHF business band frequencies is not recommended. "In-between" channels such as 462.5375 MHz, 467.5375 MHz, 462.7375 MHz, 467.7375 MHz, 450.0000 MHz, 454.0000 MHz, 459.0000 MHz, 460.0000 MHz, 465.0000 MHz, 470.0000 MHz and 470.0125 MHz could be used, but with extreme care. In many metro areas, the 462.5375/467.5375 MHz and 462.7375/467.7375 MHz frequency pairs are used for DMR, NEXEDGE/NXDN or other similar narrow band digital voice modes. In some areas, the same is true for 454.0 MHz and 459.0 MHz. Other possible "hidden" frequencies include the UHF paging frequencies 462.7500 MHz, 462.7750 MHz, 462.8000 MHz, 462.8250 MHz, 462.8500 MHz, 462.8750 MHz, 462.9000 MHz, 462.9250 MHz and 465.0000 MHz. The low power paging frequencies, including the 467.75 MHz frequency, are heavily used for low power business simplex purposes and generally should be avoided unless you're operating away from populated areas. Use of frequencies in the 400-406 MHz, 406-420 MHz military/government band and the 420-450 MHz 70cm amateur band is not recommend. Use of the 453.0125 MHz - 453.9875 MHz / 465.0125-453.9875 MHz and 460.0125-460.7125 MHz / 465.0125-465.7125 MHz public safety bands is also a really terrible idea.

See also - other recommended or example channel plan frequency plan sets on the business radio (Business Industrial Radio Service and FRS pages.

  • FRS Channels 1-16 (allows simple interoperability with standard FRS radios and standard militia programmed radios). Tone mode should be set to Tone (not TSQL - unless you are programming radios for a group/unit/team/squad/crew specific channel plan - see links and general information above and example programming plans below).
  • Channel 01 - 462.5625 MHz [transmit Tone 67.0 Hz] - FRS Channel 1
  • Channel 02 - 462.5875 MHz [transmit Tone 118.8 Hz] - FRS Channel 2
  • Channel 03 - 462.6125 MHz [transmit Tone 127.3 Hz] - FRS Channel 3
  • Channel 04 - 462.6375 MHz [transmit Tone 131.8 Hz] - FRS Channel 4
  • Channel 05 - 462.6625 MHz [transmit Tone 136.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 5
  • Channel 06 - 462.6875 MHz [transmit Tone 141.3 Hz] - FRS Channel 6
  • Channel 07 - 462.7125 MHz [transmit Tone 146.2 Hz] - FRS Channel 7
  • Channel 08 - 467.5625 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 8
  • Channel 09 - 467.5875 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 9
  • Channel 10 - 467.6125 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 10
  • Channel 11 - 467.6375 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 11
  • Channel 12 - 467.6625 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 12
  • Channel 13 - 467.6875 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 13
  • Channel 14 - 467.7125 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 14
  • Channel 15 - 462.5500 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 15
  • Channel 16 - 462.5750 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 16


  • FRS Calling/Tactical Channels (16 channel programming):
  • Channel 01 - 462.5625 MHz [transmit Tone 67.0 Hz] - FRS Channel 1 - FRS Nationwide Calling
  • Channel 02 - 462.5875 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 2 - Tactical
  • Channel 03 - 462.6125 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 3 - Patriot/Militia Calling
  • Channel 04 - 462.6375 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 4 - Convoy Tac/Operations
  • Channel 05 - 462.5750 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 16 - Convoy Tactical/Operations
  • Channel 06 - 462.6750 MHz [transmit Tone 141.3 Hz] - FRS Channel 20 - GMRS Nationwide Calling
  • Channel 07 - 462.6000 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 17 - Patriot Militia Ops Tactical
  • Channel 08 - 462.6250 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 18 - Tactical
  • Channel 09 - 462.6500 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 19 - Tac, Calling/Mutual Aid
  • Channel 10 - 467.6125 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 10 - Tactical
  • Channel 11 - 467.6375 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 11 - Tactical
  • Channel 12 - 467.6625 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 12 - Tactical
  • Channel 13 - 467.6875 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 13 - Tactical
  • Channel 14 - 467.7125 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 14 - Tactical
  • Channel 15 - 462.6625 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 5 - Tactical
  • Channel 16 - 462.6875 MHz [transmit Tone 88.5 Hz] - FRS Channel 6 - Tactical


  • Example 16-channel intra squad radio inter squad radio plan - using FRS frequencies only - tone type is TSQL (fully toned) and all radios must be programmed identically. Use of full tone squelch will reduce interference from co-channel users but will prevent interoperability with other groups unless their radios are programmed to use the exact same tone squelch. For this reason, users are cautioned to only use full tone squelch (transmit and receive squelch) for communications within their own trusted group. For additional template private (toned) frequency channel plans using FRS frequencies - see the full list here.


  • Channel 01 - 467.6625 MHz - 171.3 Hz CTCSS FRS Channel 12
  • Channel 02 - 467.5625 MHz - 165.5 Hz CTCSS FRS Channel 8
  • Channel 03 - 467.6375 MHz - 171.3 Hz CTCSS FRS Channel 11
  • Channel 04 - 462.7000 MHz - 210.7 Hz CTCSS FRS Channel 21
  • Channel 05 - 467.7125 MHz - 165.5 Hz CTCSS FRS Channel 14
  • Channel 06 - 462.6000 MHz - 210.7 Hz CTCSS FRS Channel 17
  • Channel 07 - 462.6500 MHz - 210.7 Hz CTCSS FRS Channel 19
  • Channel 08 - 467.6125 MHz - 171.3 Hz CTCSS FRS Channel 10
  • Channel 09 - 467.5875 MHz - 199.5 Hz CTCSS FRS Channel 9
  • Channel 10 - 462.5750 MHz - 210.7 Hz CTCSS FRS Channel 16
  • Channel 11 - 462.6750 MHz - 210.7 Hz CTCSS FRS Channel 20
  • Channel 12 - 462.5500 MHz - 210.7 Hz CTCSS FRS Channel 15
  • Channel 13 - 462.5875 MHz - 229.1 Hz CTCSS FRS Channel 2
  • Channel 14 - 462.6875 MHz - 229.1 Hz CTCSS FRS Channel 6
  • Channel 15 - 462.6125 MHz - 225.7 Hz CTCSS FRS Channel 3
  • Channel 16 - 462.7125 MHz - 233.6 Hz CTCSS FRS Channel 7
  • Example 16-channel intra squad radio inter squad radio plan - using business frequencies only - tone type is TSQL (fully toned) and all radios must be programmed identically. Use of full tone squelch will reduce interference from co-channel users but will prevent interoperability with other groups unless their radios are programmed to use the exact same tone squelch. For this reason, users are cautioned to only use full tone squelch (transmit and receive squelch) for communications within their own trusted group. For additional template private (toned) frequency channel plans - see the full list here.
  • Channel 01 - 467.8375 MHz - 159.8 Hz CTCSS
  • Channel 02 - 469.5125 MHz - 159.8 Hz CTCSS
  • Channel 03 - 456.3375 MHz - 189.9 Hz CTCSS
  • Channel 04 - 456.4375 MHz - 189.9 Hz CTCSS
  • Channel 05 - 467.8625 MHz - 165.5 Hz CTCSS
  • Channel 06 - 467.8875 MHz - 165.5 Hz CTCSS
  • Channel 07 - 462.7875 MHz - 254.1 Hz CTCSS
  • Channel 08 - 462.8875 MHz - 254.1 Hz CTCSS
  • Channel 09 - 462.8375 MHz - 254.1 Hz CTCSS
  • Channel 10 - 469.5625 MHz - 159.8 Hz CTCSS
  • Channel 11 - 457.6625 MHz - 189.9 Hz CTCSS
  • Channel 12 - 452.1875 MHz - 171.3 Hz CTCSS
  • Channel 13 - 451.4375 MHz - 177.3 Hz CTCSS
  • Channel 14 - 457.7125 MHz - 165.5 Hz CTCSS
  • Channel 15 - 451.3375 MHz - 177.3 Hz CTCSS
  • Channel 16 - 467.8000 MHz - 254.1 Hz CTCSS


The most commonly used frequencies are 464.550 MHz, 464.500 MHz, 467.925 MHz, 467.900 MHz, 467.875 MHz, 467.850 MHz, 467.8125 MHz, 467.7625 MHz, 469.550 MHz, 469.500 MHz, 451.800 MHz, 456.800 MHz, 451.8125 MHz, 456.8125 MHz, 461.0375 MHz, 461.0625 MHz, and 461.0875 MHz. Avoid using those frequencies if at all possible and monitor the particular frequency use in your area.

Intra Squad Radio ISR - Other Options

In addition to the standard UHF band (450-470 MHz), other UHF bands may provide even better performance. An excellent example of this is the 900 MHz band (902-928 MHz). This is also known as the 33cm amateur band or 33 centimeters band. It is a ham band but it is also used for low power devices, including frequency hopping spread spectrum (FHSS) license free handheld radios such as the Motorola DTR series.

Current examples include the Motorola DTR410, DTR550, DTR650, DTR600 and DTR700 radios. These radios operate with 50 kHz channel spacing and 8-level FSK digital FHSS. Power output is 1 watt. The Motorola DTR 900 MHz radios operate in the 902.525 MHz to 927.475 MHz subband with 50 kHz channel steps for a total of 500 possible channels. The frequency hopping (FH) provides excellent security against interception and protection against jamming and the 1w power output means range is limited, but not too limited by any means. Performance inside buildings and in built-up urban areas is excellent.

Another option for ISR purposes is the 49 MHz Part 15 band (49.82 MHz to 49.90 MHz). Headset radios with voice-activated transmit VOX capability are very easy to find on eBay. Higher end radios offer five channels (49.830 MHz, 49.845 MHz, 49.860 MHz, 49.875 MHz, 49.890 MHz) and crisp analog FM audio. Range varies from 500 feet to 1000+ feet depending on numerous factors. However, the short range characteristic of 49 MHz is its advantage. Most true intra-squad communications range is well under the multiple-mile range that standard militia tactical radios are capable of. This means that even if you're talking to someone who is two blocks away, if you're doing it with a 4 watt VHF/UHF handheld radio, a well-equipped listening post could hear you from 10+ miles away.

An extension of this concept is simply using Motorola low band handhelds (42-50 MHz split) for the same purposes. Other options include older surplus military radios such as the PRC-25, PRC-77, PRC-770, PRC-1077, PRC-68, PRC-10, PRC-10A and others that cover the 49 MHz band. The older-generation radios will work on 49.80 MHz FM, 49.85 MHz FM or 49.90 MHz FM while the newer radios will work on 49.825 MHz FM and 49.875 MHz FM in addition to 49.80 FM 49.85 FM and 49.90 FM.

UHF and VHF range handheld radios range line of sight improving handheld tactical voice radio range discussion

VHF UHF Line Of Sight VULOS Tactical Radio line-of-sight LOS example diagram

Inter Squad Radio (ISR) - Handheld Tactical Militia Radio - not to be confused with intra-squad radio (see below).

UHF frequencies (including all the 462 MHz/467 MHz FRS/GMRS channels and 464 MHz/467 MHz Dot/Star frequencies) generally perform better on handheld radios due to antenna considerations. VHF frequencies (including the MURS channels) perform better with mobile (vehicle mounted) antennas. In urban areas, UHF provides considerably better penetration of buildings and requires a much smaller antenna. This makes UHF ideal for inter squad and intra squad tactical communications. VHF (MURS) may be used in urban areas as well, but performs better in rural or suburban areas. Both VHF and UHF are line of sight LOS). This means that the tops of high-rise buildings, overlooks, rises in terrain, hill tops, mountaintops and other locations that overlook the surrounding area will provide surprising increases in range from tactical VHF/UHF handheld radios such as the Baofeng UV-5R, UV-82, BF-F8+, UV-82HP, Pofung versions, Quansheng TG-UV2, Wouxun KG-UVD1P, KG-UV6D, KG-UV9P, KG-805G, etc.

Line of sight (LOS) at VHF/UHF frequencies (FRS and MURS frequencies). Note that these range estimates are with no obstructions.

In an urban area (with numerous obstructions), two handheld radios at street level can expect closer to 1-2 mile range. However, increasing the height of just one of the two radios will significantly improve communications reliability. If both radios are located above the average ground level, communications range increases drastically. The prudent thing to do is acquire topographical maps of the intended and possible area or areas of operations...noting which locations are rises or hills above the surrounding area. In an urban setting, this is extremely important. On VHF (MURS), modern steel, concrete, cement, etc. construction will block communications quite effectively. Get up as high as you can to improve communications link reliability.

Channel Assignments Frequency Requirements For Teams Squads Platoons etc.

  • Tactical Channels - common frequencies/channels for liaison between friendly forces - must be agreed upon ahead of time. Tactical channels overlap with intra squad radio channels for obvious reasons. For tactical purposes, moving off the designated calling/mutual aid channels is a good idea...and is another reason why having multiple calling/mutual aid channels is a good idea...it allows primary tactical ops to be moved to a secondary mutual aid channel - thus clearing the main calling channel for other friendly forces to use.

In urban areas, UHF (FRS) is the best choice for this, but VHF (MURS) will work as well. In less built-up areas, either will work. Multiple tactical channels should be available for teams to be able to switch to as the situation dictates.

  • Calling, Monitor and Mutual Aid Channels - common frequencies/channels for liaison between friendly forces (similar to tactical channels in many respects) - these include FRS channel 3 (462.6125 MHz), MURS channel 3 (151.940 MHz) and others. As with the tactical channels, mutual aid channels should be determined ahead of time.


  • Command Channel - Larger formations may wish to have a dedicated command channel, perhaps with a designated alternate (backup) channel. In many situations, this is not needed and actually adds more complexity and confusion.

Line of Sight LOS Range Estimations for VHF/UHF Radios VULOS

  • Radio A - 5 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 5 feet above ground = 5 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 20 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 5 feet above ground = 9 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 30 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 5 feet above ground = 11 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 50 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 5 feet above ground = 13 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 5 feet above ground = 17 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 20 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 10 feet above ground = 10 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 20 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 20 feet above ground = 12 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 30 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 10 feet above ground = 12 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 30 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 20 feet above ground = 14 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 30 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 30 feet above ground = 16 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 50 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 10 feet above ground = 14 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 50 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 20 feet above ground = 16 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 50 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 30 feet above ground = 18 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 50 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 40 feet above ground = 19 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 50 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 50 feet above ground = 20 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 10 feet above ground = 18 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 20 feet above ground = 20 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 30 feet above ground = 22 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 40 feet above ground = 23 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 50 feet above ground = 24 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 60 feet above ground = 25 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 75 feet above ground = 26 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 100 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 100 feet above ground = 28 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 5 feet above ground = 23 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 10 feet above ground = 24 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 25 feet above ground = 27 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 50 feet above ground = 30 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 75 feet above ground = 32 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 100 feet above ground = 34 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 125 feet above ground = 36 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 150 feet above ground = 37 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 175 feet above ground = 39 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 200 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 200 feet above ground = 40 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 5 feet above ground = 35 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 10 feet above ground = 36 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 25 feet above ground = 39 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 50 feet above ground = 42 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 75 feet above ground = 44 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 100 feet above ground = 46 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 150 feet above ground = 49 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 200 feet above ground = 52 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 250 feet above ground = 54 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 500 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 500 feet above ground = 64 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 5 feet above ground = 48 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 10 feet above ground = 49 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 25 feet above ground = 52 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 50 feet above ground = 55 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 100 feet above ground = 59 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 150 feet above ground = 62 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 200 feet above ground = 65 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 250 feet above ground = 67 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 500 feet above ground = 77 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 750 feet above ground = 84 miles line of sight range
  • Radio A - 1000 feet above ground communicating with Radio B - 1000 feet above ground = 90 miles line of sight range


See also: Common VHF Itinerant Frequencies, AM and SSB CB frequencies, Hunt Club Frequencies and the American Redoubt Radio Operators Network (AmRRON) and The American Preparedness Radio Network (TAPRN) pages. Specific AM and SSB 11 meter CB frequencies are included - 26.985 MHz AM, 27.005 MHz AM, 27.365 MHz USB, 27.368 MHz USB, 27.375 MHz USB, 27.378 MHz USB and 27.425 MHz...see also, military tactical militia frequencies patriot radio networks militia tactical frequency plan.

The 22 UHF FRS channels and 5 VHF MURS channels form the backbone of the VHF/UHF tactical and command networks used by militia groups. The 22 FRS channels are used in addition to the 5 MURS channels. Because FRS is on the UHF band, it performs better for inter squad and intra squad radio compared to VHF. FRS considerably outperforms MURS in urban environments. MURS, however, offers greater range on a watt-for-watt basis. CB and 11 meter frequencies will give the best range (especially in rural areas). Base stations with CB and VHF (MURS) capability are recommended for command and control. Handheld militia radios should be programmed with the 5 MURS channels and the 22 FRS channels at a minimum.

Lower frequencies, including VHF low (30-50 MHz) and the 11 meter freeband and CB channels (25-28 MHz) will provide better range, provided good antennas are used. Lower frequencies will bend beyond the horizon slightly (better than VHF and much better than UHF). The 11m band (including the CB frequencies) provides excellent vehicle to vehicle communications properties if decent antennas are used. With SSB equipment on a clear frequency, long range tactical and command nets are possible with the 25-28 MHz region.



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