Business Radio

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Officially called the "Industrial/Business Radio Pool" under 47 CFR 90.35, 47 CFR 90.75 and others...all within part 90 of the FCC rules (which covers land mobile radio in general). Known as LMR (land mobile radio), PMR (professional mobile radio) or PLMR (professional land mobile radio) as well as just the business band.

High HF and VHF/UHF Land mobile radio service authorized under Part 90 (Land Mobile Radio Services) of the FCC rules. FCC eligibility verbiage states: Persons primarily engaged in any of the following activities are eligible to hold authorizations in the Industrial/Business Pool to provide commercial mobile radio service as defined in part 20 of this chapter or to operate stations for transmission of communications necessary to such activities of the licensee: (1) The operation commercial of business activity; (2) The operation of educational, philanthropic, or ecclesiastical institutions; (3) Clergy activities; or (4) The operation of hospitals, clinics, or medical associations. The FCC has allocated a massive amount of frequencies for the Business/Industrial Radio Service (commonly referred to as "Business Radio" or "Business Radio Service"). The FCC allows use of frequencies in the 2000 to 25000 kHz (2-25 MHz) band for business purposes, only if frequencies above 25 MHz will not satisfy the requirements of the user, in other words, in special cases only.

Business Radio is not to be confused with license free or simple license services available for land mobile and portable or walkie-talkie radio purposes in the United States. These VHF/UHF services include FRS and GMRS, MURS and CB. FRS, MURS and CB are all heavily used for business purposes and/or as a low cost alternative to the hassle of business band (getting a FCC license, etc.).

It should also not be confused with VHF marine although there are specific VHF marine band channels designated for commercial and port usage in the context of marine based businesses and industries.

Contents

VHF Low Band 25-50 MHz

Note that 30.000 to 87.975 MHz is shared with the SINCGARS VHF FM military land mobile communications system, which operates in either frequency hopping FH mode or single channel SC mode. This is often referred to as "FM" within the military. 30 to 88 MHz in 25 kHz steps. While the military usually stays in the military/government sub-bands (29.80-30.55 MHz, 32-33 MHz, 34-35 MHz, 36-37 MHz, 38-39 MHz, 40-42 MHz, 46.6-47 MHz and 49.6-50 MHz they can also be found in the land mobile sub-bands using 25 kHz steps and 150 Hz CTCSS tone. Military operations in the United States use both FH and SC mode with or without voice encryption.

Frequencies below 150 MHz may continue to use 20K0F3E or 16K0F3E "wideband" FM mode (also known as 25 kHz bandwidth or 20 kHz bandwidth) and these frequencies are not subject to the FCC narrowbanding requirements that are in force for the 150-174 MHz VHF band and 420-470 MHz UHF band.

Frequency (MHz) Remarks/Restrictions on usage
25.020 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations
25.040 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations
25.060 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations
25.080 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations
25.100 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations
25.120 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations
25.140 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations
25.160 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations
25.180 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations
25.200 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations
25.220 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations
25.240 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations
25.260 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations
25.280 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations
25.300 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations
25.320 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations
27.430 MHz suffers from freeband CB QRM
27.450 MHz suffers from freeband CB QRM
27.470 MHz suffers from freeband CB QRM
27.490 MHz Itinerant use only - suffers from freeband CB QRM
27.510 MHz Mobile use only, 2 watts maximum power, suffers from freeband CB QRM
27.530 MHz Mobile use only, 2 watts maximum power, suffers from freeband CB QRM
29.710 MHz
29.730 MHz
29.750 MHz
29.770 MHz
29.790 MHz
27.490 MHz Itinerant use only
27.510 MHz Mobile use only, 2 watts maximum power
27.530 MHz Mobile use only, 2 watts maximum power
29.710 MHz
29.730 MHz
30.580 MHz
30.600 MHz
30.620 MHz
30.660 MHz Geophysical stations only, secondary allocation
30.680 MHz
30.700 MHz Geophysical stations only, secondary allocation
30.720 MHz
30.740 MHz Geophysical stations only, secondary allocation
30.760 MHz
30.780 MHz Geophysical stations only, secondary allocation
30.800 MHz
30.820 MHz Geophysical stations only, secondary allocation
30.840 MHz Mobile use only, 2 watts maximum power
30.860 MHz Shared with Public Safety Radio Pool
30.880 MHz
30.900 MHz Shared with Public Safety Radio Pool
30.920 MHz
30.940 MHz Shared with Public Safety Radio Pool
30.960 MHz
30.980 MHz Shared with Public Safety Radio Pool
31.000 MHz
31.020 MHz Shared with Public Safety Radio Pool
31.040 MHz
31.060 MHz Shared with Public Safety Radio Pool
31.080 MHz
31.100 MHz Shared with Public Safety Radio Pool
31.120 MHz
31.140 MHz Shared with Public Safety Radio Pool
31.160 MHz
31.200 MHz
31.240 MHz
31.280 MHz
31.320 MHz
31.360 MHz
31.400 MHz
31.440 MHz
31.480 MHz
31.520 MHz
31.560 MHz
31.600 MHz
31.640 MHz
31.680 MHz
31.720 MHz
31.760 MHz
31.800 MHz
31.840 MHz
31.880 MHz
31.920 MHz
31.960 MHz
33.120 MHz Mobile use only, 2 watts maximum power
33.140 MHz Mobile use only, 2 watts maximum power
33.160 MHz
33.180 MHz
33.200 MHz
33.220 MHz
33.240 MHz
33.260 MHz
33.280 MHz
33.300 MHz
33.320 MHz
33.340 MHz
33.360 MHz
33.380 MHz
33.400 MHz Mobile use only, 1 watt maximum power
35.020 MHz Mobile use only, 2 watts maximum power, shared with Public Safety Radio Pool
35.040 MHz Itinerant use only
35.060 MHz
35.080 MHz
35.100 MHz
35.120 MHz
35.160 MHz
35.180 MHz
35.280 MHz
35.320 MHz
35.360 MHz
35.400 MHz
35.440 MHz
35.480 MHz
35.520 MHz
35.700 MHz
35.720 MHz
35.740 MHz
35.760 MHz
35.780 MHz
35.820 MHz
35.840 MHz
35.860 MHz
35.880 MHz
35.900 MHz
35.920 MHz
35.940 MHz
35.960 MHz
35.980 MHz
36.250 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations, shared with federal/military use, often paired with 41.71 MHz
37.440 MHz
37.460 MHz
37.480 MHz
37.500 MHz
37.520 MHz
37.520 MHz
37.560 MHz
37.580 MHz
37.600 MHz Designated for interconnection of public utility systems
37.620 MHz
37.640 MHz
37.660 MHz
37.680 MHz
37.700 MHz
37.720 MHz
37.760 MHz
37.780 MHz
37.800 MHz
37.820 MHz
37.840 MHz
37.860 MHz
37.880 MHz
41.710 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations, shared with federal/military use, often paired with 36.25 MHz
42.960 MHz
42.980 MHz Mobile use only, 2 watts maximum power
43.000 MHz
43.020 MHz
43.040 MHz Itinerant use only
43.060 MHz
43.080 MHz
43.100 MHz
43.120 MHz
43.140 MHz
43.160 MHz Mobile use only
43.180 MHz
43.280 MHz
43.320 MHz
43.360 MHz
43.400 MHz
43.440 MHz
43.480 MHz
43.520 MHz
43.700 MHz
43.720 MHz shared with low power cordless phones (base - paired with 48.76 MHz)
43.740 MHz shared with low power cordless phones (base - paired with 48.84 MHz)
43.760 MHz
43.780 MHz
43.820 MHz shared with low power cordless phones (base - paired with 48.86 MHz)
43.840 MHz shared with low power cordless phones (base - paired with 48.92 MHz)
43.860 MHz
43.880 MHz
43.900 MHz
43.920 MHz shared with low power cordless phones (base - paired with 49.00 MHz)
43.940 MHz
43.960 MHz shared with low power cordless phones (base - paired with 49.08 MHz)
44.000 MHz
44.020 MHz
44.040 MHz
44.060 MHz
44.080 MHz
44.100 MHz
44.120 MHz shared with low power cordless phones (base - paired with 49.10 MHz)
44.140 MHz
44.160 MHz shared with low power cordless phones (base - paired with 49.16 MHz)
44.180 MHz shared with low power cordless phones (base - paired with 49.20 MHz)
44.200 MHz shared with low power cordless phones (base - paired with 49.24 MHz)
44.220 MHz
44.240 MHz
44.260 MHz
44.280 MHz
44.300 MHz
44.320 MHz shared with low power cordless phones (base - paired with 49.28 MHz)
44.340 MHz
44.360 MHz shared with low power cordless phones (base - paired with 49.36 MHz)
44.380 MHz
44.400 MHz shared with low power cordless phones (base - paired with 49.40 MHz)
44.420 MHz nationwide Red Cross disaster response
44.440 MHz
44.460 MHz shared with low power cordless phones (base - paired with 49.48 MHz)
44.480 MHz shared with low power cordless phones (base - paired with 49.50 MHz)
44.500 MHz
44.520 MHz
44.540 MHz
44.560 MHz
44.580 MHz Several railroads have nationwide allocations
44.600 MHz
47.440 MHz
47.480 MHz
47.520 MHz
47.560 MHz
47.600 MHz
47.640 MHz
47.680 MHz
47.700 MHz
47.720 MHz
47.740 MHz
47.760 MHz
47.780 MHz
47.800 MHz
47.820 MHz
47.840 MHz
47.860 MHz
47.880 MHz
47.900 MHz
47.920 MHz
47.940 MHz
47.960 MHz
47.980 MHz
48.000 MHz
48.020 MHz
48.040 MHz
48.060 MHz
48.080 MHz
48.100 MHz
48.120 MHz
48.140 MHz
48.160 MHz
48.180 MHz
48.200 MHz
48.220 MHz
48.240 MHz
48.260 MHz
48.280 MHz
48.300 MHz
48.320 MHz
48.340 MHz
48.360 MHz
48.380 MHz
48.400 MHz
48.420 MHz
48.440 MHz
48.480 MHz
48.500 MHz
48.520 MHz
48.540 MHz
48.560 MHz
48.580 MHz
48.600 MHz
48.620 MHz
48.640 MHz
48.660 MHz
48.680 MHz
48.700 MHz
48.720 MHz
48.740 MHz
48.760 MHz
48.780 MHz
48.800 MHz
48.820 MHz
48.840 MHz
48.860 MHz
48.880 MHz
48.900 MHz
48.920 MHz
48.940 MHz
48.960 MHz
48.980 MHz
49.000 MHz
49.020 MHz
49.040 MHz
49.060 MHz
49.080 MHz
49.100 MHz
49.120 MHz
49.140 MHz
49.160 MHz
49.180 MHz
49.200 MHz
49.220 MHz
49.240 MHz
49.260 MHz
49.280 MHz
49.300 MHz
49.320 MHz
49.340 MHz
49.360 MHz
49.380 MHz
49.400 MHz
49.420 MHz
49.440 MHz
49.480 MHz
49.500 MHz
49.520 MHz
49.540 MHz
49.560 MHz
49.580 MHz

VHF Mid Band 72-76 MHz

Fixed usage only, adjacent channeled with 72/75 MHz remote control frequencies.

Used for point-to-point links (voice and data), call boxes, telemetry, industrial control purposes, radio clock control, etc. The California Highway Patrol hybrid VHF/UHF/700 MHz system uses 72 MHz and 75 MHz, as well as microwave systems, to link remote receiver sites for its 39/42/44/45 MHz VHF lowband statewide land mobile network. Several other systems in various places nationwide operate similar systems using the mid band for linking remote sites and providing back-haul audio link capability.

Frequency (MHz)
72.020 MHz
72.040 MHz
72.060 MHz
72.080 MHz
72.100 MHz
72.120 MHz
72.140 MHz
72.160 MHz
72.180 MHz
72.200 MHz
72.220 MHz
72.240 MHz
72.260 MHz
72.280 MHz
72.300 MHz
72.320 MHz
72.340 MHz
72.360 MHz
72.380 MHz
72.400 MHz
72.420 MHz
72.440 MHz
72.460 MHz
72.480 MHz
72.500 MHz
72.520 MHz
72.540 MHz
72.560 MHz
72.580 MHz
72.600 MHz
72.620 MHz
72.640 MHz
72.660 MHz
72.680 MHz
72.700 MHz
72.720 MHz
72.740 MHz
72.760 MHz
72.780 MHz
72.800 MHz
72.820 MHz
72.840 MHz
72.860 MHz
72.880 MHz
72.900 MHz
72.920 MHz
72.940 MHz
72.960 MHz
72.980 MHz
75.420 MHz
75.460 MHz
75.500 MHz
75.540 MHz
75.580 MHz
75.620 MHz
75.640 MHz
75.660 MHz
75.680 MHz
75.700 MHz
75.720 MHz
75.740 MHz
75.760 MHz
75.780 MHz
75.800 MHz
75.820 MHz
75.840 MHz
75.860 MHz
75.880 MHz
75.900 MHz
75.920 MHz
75.940 MHz
75.960 MHz
75.980 MHz

VHF High Band 150-174 MHz

Frequency (MHz) Remarks/Restrictions on usage
150.815-150.9875 MHz 7.5 kHz steps
151.505-151.805 MHz 7.5 kHz steps
151.835-151.865 MHz 7.5 kHz steps
151.895-151.925 MHz 7.5 kHz steps
151.955-151.985 MHz 7.5 kHz steps
152.2625-152.465 MHz 7.5 kHz steps, old Taxicab Radio Service base/repeater output frequencies
152.8625-153.7375 MHz 7.5 kHz steps, taken from old Industrial and Oil radio pools
154.45625 MHz Operational fixed (SCADA, data links, etc) only
154.46375 MHz Operational fixed (SCADA, data links, etc) only
154.47125 MHz Operational fixed (SCADA, data links, etc) only
154.47875 MHz Operational fixed (SCADA, data links, etc) only
154.4825-154.4975 MHz 7.5 kHz steps
154.505 MHz
154.515 MHz
154.5275 MHz Mobiles only
154.540-154.555 MHz 7.5 kHz steps
154.585 MHz
154.610 MHz
154.625 MHz
154.640 MHz
157.470-157.725 MHz 7.5 kHz steps
158.1125-158.460 MHz 7.5 kHz steps
159.480-160.2075 MHz 7.5 kHz steps
160.215-161.610 MHz 7.5 kHz steps, Railroad Use Only
173.20375 MHz Operational fixed (SCADA, data links, etc) only
173.210 MHz Operational fixed (SCADA, data links, etc) only
173.225-173.375 MHz 12.5 kHz steps
173.390 MHz Operational fixed (SCADA, data links, etc) only
173.39625 MHz Operational fixed (SCADA, data links, etc) only

UHF Band 450-470 MHz

The UHF band follows a standardized repeater pairing system. Mobiles transmit +5 MHz split. For example, a repeater operating on 451.375 MHz has a mobile input of 456.375 MHz. A repeater operating on 461.1125 MHz has a mobile input of 466.1125 MHz. The input frequencies can, and often are, used for simplex operations as well.

Frequency (MHz) Remarks/Restrictions on usage
451.01875-453.01875 MHz 6.25 kHz steps
454.000 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations, also commonly used at racetracks
456.01875-458.01875 MHz 6.25 kHz steps
459.000 MHz Oil companies, oil spill cleanup operations, also commonly used at racetracks
462.750-462.9375 MHz 12.5 kHz steps, shared with local and wide-area paging services
463.200-465.01875 MHz 6.25 kHz steps
465.650-467.5375 MHz 6.25 kHz steps
462.750-462.9375 MHz 12.5 kHz steps, shared with low power paging
468.200-469.98125 MHz 6.25 kHz steps


UHF-T Band 470-512 MHz

Note: This band is only used in certain areas, and in those areas only certain sections of it are used. 470 MHz to 512 MHz is allocated to UHF TV channels 14-20. In larger urban areas, channels are "borrowed" and re-assigned to land mobile. The FCC has mandated that users vacate these frequencies in the near future as part of the transition to Digital Television (DTV) and the general push towards public safety use of the 700 MHz band. Like the 450-470 MHz band, UHF-T has a standardized split. Instead of 5 MHz, its 3 MHz. For example, a repeater operating on 470.6875 MHz has a mobile input frequency of 473.6875 MHz associated with it.

In some areas, all public safety and a large amount of business radio operates in the 470-512 MHz T-band or TV-band. These cities (and their associated metropolitan areas) include: Boston, MA, Chicago, IL, Cleveland, OH, Dallas/Fort Worth, TX, Detroit, MI, Houston, TX, Los Angeles, CA, Miami, FL, New York, NY/N.E. New Jersey, Philadelphia, PA, San Francisco/Oakland, CA and the Washington-Baltimore metro area.

Metro Area Frequency Range(MHz) TV Channel(s) Affected
Boston, MA 470-476 MHz, 482-488 MHz TV Channels 14, 16
Chicago, IL 470-482 MHz TV Channels 14, 15
Cleveland, OH 470-482 MHz TV Channels 14, 15
Dallas/Fort Worth, TX 482-488 MHz TV Channels 16
Detroit, MI 476-488 MHz TV Channels 15, 16
Houston, TX 488-494 MHz TV Channel 16
Los Angeles, CA 470-476 MHz, 482-488 MHz, 506-512 MHz TV Channels 14, 16, 20
Miami, FL 470-476 MHz TV Channel 14
New York City/NE New Jersey 470-488 MHz TV Channels 14, 15, 16
Philadelphia, PA 500-512 MHz TV Channels 19, 20
Pittsburgh, PA 470-476 MHz, 494-500 MHz TV Channels 14, 18
San Francisco, CA 482-494 MHz TV Channels 16, 17
Washington-Baltimore 488-500 MHz TV Channels 17, 18

800 MHz/900 MHz band 809-940 MHz

Most of the systems in these bands are trunked.

Frequency (MHz) Remarks/Restrictions on usage
809-824 MHz Mobiles, 6.25 kHz/12.5 kHz steps
854-869 MHz Base/Repeaters or Mobiles, 6.25 kHz/12.5 kHz steps
854-869 MHz Base/Repeaters or Mobiles, 6.25 kHz/12.5 kHz steps
896-901 MHz Mobiles, 6.25 kHz/12.5 kHz steps
902-928 MHz 900 MHz ISM band, subject to restrictions of this band
935-940 MHz Base/Repeaters or Mobiles, 6.25 kHz/12.5 kHz steps

Higher Bands - Above 940 MHz

Frequency (MHz) Remarks/Restrictions on usage
1427-1432 MHz Special restrictions, only available in certain areas, digital modes, see 90.259
2450-2500 MHz 2.4 GHz ISM band, subject to restrictions of this band
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