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Topics - Dag

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"After statistically adjusting for other known CVD risk factors including things like age, income, lifestyle, dietary habits, and other diseases, the CVD risk was lowest for those with high levels of the fatty acid (reflecting high intake of dairy fats). Those with the highest levels had no increased risk of death from all causes."

Cream. A great band. A better fat.


HF Mystery Signals / Fast pips, episodic, repeating 40 m
« on: July 25, 2021, 0042 UTC »
Fast pips, about 35 pips per episode, pips alternate frequency  about 2 kHz apart, episodes last 7 seconds, parallel transmissions on 7121 kHz, 7126 kHz, 7131 kHz,  7166 kHz, and 7171 kHz.

Has been occurring for past 20 minutes as I write this.


I found Birchbenders Keto Waffle and  Pancake mix at my local  grocery store. https://birchbenders.com/collections/pancake-waffle-mix/products/keto

It's a dry mix to which you add some water to make a pancake and waffle batter.  Very easy.

I get about 5 4" pancakes from one serving, enough for my wife and me (not including the 4 thick Applewood bacon slices that I put on the side.)

I pan  fried the batter in ample butter: the presentation is indistinguishable from a conventional flour-based pancake mix (pleasant golden brown), such as Aunt Jemima's -- although they deflate a little once on the serving plate. The texture is ever so slightly grainy consistent with the almond  flour component, but the taste is very satisfying and a very closely resembles the pancakes I grew up on.

Macros per serving of mix: 56% fat, 23% carbs, 20% protein. I rounded the results: it adds up to 99%)
One serving: two 4" pancakes: 10 g carbs,5g fiber, 9 gr protein.
Ingredients: Almond flour,  eggs, Tigernut flour, coconut flour, Cassava starch, buttermilk,leaving (monocalcium phosphate,sodium bicarbonate), salt, spice.

This product can fit into a keto diet sort of. I'm a little concerned about the cassava starch.

I give it a 9 on a scale of 10 for taste and ease of preparation.


Bacon, BBQ, Beef, And More / Product review: Rhythm Cauliflower Bites
« on: September 01, 2019, 2018 UTC »
My wife brought home a bag of  Rhythm Foods Cauliflower Sea Salt bites https://rhythmsuperfoods.com/  from Costco.

The ingredients are: organic  cauliflower, organic high oleic sunfloweroil, sea salt.

Macros: 84% fat, 12% carbs, 4% protein.

1 serving  (14 pieces = 6 grams total carbs, 2 grams fiber.

They are terrific! Slightly crunchy, salty, a little oily like that of a french fry. (Not dry like pork rinds, but I like those too.)
Most of the pieces are the size of a popped corn, some larger, some smaller, and have a golden deep fried appearance with a slight crunch and only a vague cauliflower flavor. The satisfaction comes from the salty oily crunch, not the  cauliflower flavor (which is barely detectable, but pleasant.)

They also come in Buffalo Ranch flavor and White Cheddar flavor.

I give them a 10 on my satisfaction scale.


A few months ago, I started an experiment to get my lipid panel numbers down into the conventional "normal" range so as to ensure I get a preferred premium rate on my life insurance.

I've been strict keto for about 2 years now. My lipid panel numbers show high LDL : that is, I'm a Lean Mass Hyperresponder with a very high LDL and total cholesterol -- most physicians would consider me high risk and put me on a statin. I take no prescription medicines.

But I have a life insurance policy that is about to expire; I need to apply for a new one, and I'll need a physical examination including blood and urine testing.

If I maintain a lipid profile as it was when on ketogenic high fat and  <20 grams of carbohydrates per day for the life insurance physical, I suspect ketogenic-induced lipid numbers will put me into a "high risk" category and increase my insurance premium rates.

Via Google Scholar, I researched every food or supplement that lowers cholesterol and introduced them into my lifestyle and eliminated those foods that increase cholesterol, yet trying to be as low carb as possible. I read every scientific paper I could find that has something practical I could do to lower my cholesterol and tried to put the recommendation into practice.  Certain foods were shown to lower cholesterol, so I started eating them.

I had blood-work done a few times along the way to ensure my cholesterol numbers were moving in the direction the insurance company would find acceptable and put me into a "preferred premium" category with the lowest insurance premiums.

All the while, most of the time I was able to stay in a desirable low-state of ketogenesis via Ketostix urine testing for acetoacetate.

Here are the results: (My well formulated ketogenic diet lipid profile is in red. My "experiment" numbers are in green):

Keto diet  (High fat, <20 grams of carbohydrates/day)                      Experimental diet to lower cholesterol
Cholesterol total  291                                                                                  Cholesterol total  200         
HDL 80                                                                                                       HDL 88             
Triglycerides 64                                                                                           Triglycerides 50
LDL 195                                                                                                      LDL 99     

Here's my dietary protocol to get the numbers shown in green:

I eliminated: butter, bacon, sausage, and fatty meat.  >:(
I used only olive oil as my added fat.
I ate fish 3 times weekly, usually canned sardines in water or olive oil as part of my lunch.
I ate 50 grams of raw almonds daily. (about a handful)
I ate 50 grams of raw blueberries daily. (about a handful)
I took 500 mg niacin twice daily. (OTC  Slo-niacin)
I took 1800 mg phytosterols daily (OTC Cholestoff Plus)
I took about 6 grams of psyllium husk daily  (OTC)
I ate one slice of whole wheat bread every other day.

Every breakfast during the cholesterol-lowering experiment, I ate 2 fried eggs with some cheddar cheese, now cooked with a few tablespoons of olive oil, and sprinkled liberally with salt and pepper, black coffee.
My lunch is sardines or a can of Vienna sausages, pickle, and a cheese stick
Dinner is generally low saturated fat, moderate piece of chicken or beef, and some sort of green such as salad, brussels sprouts, and cauliflower, sprinkled liberally with salt.

My blood pressure per my home sphygmomanometer is always in the normal range.

These diet changes are essentially increasing carbohydrates and decreasing saturated fat.

I am ready for the life insurance physical!  Then, it's  back to bacon and sausage and no bread.


I see diabetic eye disease (diabetic retinopathy) nearly every day in my practice as a board certified optometrist in a large group practice. About a year and a half ago I examined four lean men about my age who were recently diagnosed with adult onset diabetes (type 2 DM or T2DM). Most diabetics I see are obese, but these men were skinny like me. My body mass index is about 22. 

These encounters with newly diagnosed lean-adult diabetics led me to examine my diet which was heavy with “healthy” whole grains as shown on the USDA Food Pyramid. My breakfasts were usually “heart-healthy” oat meal or Cheerios with milk, two slices of whole wheat bread and Smart Balance spread or a plain bagel with low fat cream cheese, and black coffee. I was doing the right thing eating things that were healthy for my heart. My lunches and dinners weren’t much different -- healthy! I thought.

Then I realized the tremendous carbohydrate load I was ingesting each day might put me at risk for decreased health, perhaps toward being a lean adult-onset diabetic like the four patients mentioned earlier.

My interest in ketogenic eating evolved from the application toward reversing diabetes to it’s powerful anti-inflammatory power, as inflammation seems to be the source of many of the diseases of civilization (hypertension, heart disease, diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease which is now considered type 3 diabetes).

I started a strict ketogenic diet two days before Thanksgiving 2017 and have been 99% faithful since, straying from the diet rarely and  mildly only when away from home and with little food choices. My carbohydrate intake is <25 gms/day, sometimes much lower and my fat intake is high as tracked with a free app Lifesum.  A typical breakfast is ~ 1000+ calories, 95% fat, 5% protein (2 eggs and cheddar cheese fried in 2-3 tablespoons of olive oil/butter/bacon fat combination and 2 thick slices of bacon, black coffee. 

I told my primary care physician about my ketogenic diet during a physical exam in August – he said  nothing pro or con. The blood work results below include lipid panels done prior to keto, during keto, and my experiment with 1800 milligrams of  Cholestoff daily while on keto.

The “Std Diet” is how I ate without regards to anything. The dates "Std diet" (pre-keto),  8/2018, 9/2018, and 11/2018 are blood draws and analysis dates. 
      Std Diet             Keto 8/2018         Keto 9/2018            Keto + Cholestoff 11/2018        “Desired value”
Chol   190                 291                          287                            234                                              <200
HDL    76                   80                             83                              84                                                  >40
LDL     105                 195                          189                            135                                                   --
Trigly   43                  64                             53                              61                                                  <150
Chol/HDL  2.5            3.6                           3.5                             2.8                                                   <5.0

The ketogenic diet (low carbohydrate, moderate protein, high fat):
Increased my cholesterol from 190 to 291, a 53% increase. Bad. :(
Increased my LDL from 105 to 195, an 86% increase. Bad.  :(
Increased my triglycerides from 43 to 64, a 49% increase. Bad. But still <150. Good! :)
Increased my HDL from 76 to 83, an 10% increase. Good.  :)
Decreased my weight by 15 pounds. Not desirable in my case. I was skinny already.
The addition of 1800 mg of Cholestoff daily for 5 weeks until the 11/2018 blood analysis did lower my cholesterol from 287 to 234, an 18% drop. And it lowered my LDL from 189 to 135, a decrease of 29% without any side affects. 
I ordered  the lab work of 9/2018 and 11/2018 myself online via directlabs.com. You can too, without your physicians’ approval – the lab will send the results directly to you.
One analysis I had done that I did not include in this report is the Quest  Cardio IQ analysis of my lipoprotein subfractions, that is, the LDL particle number and sizes. The sizes of these cholesterol particles is perhaps a more important cardiovascular health biomarker versus the LDL. 

My Lipoprotein (a) (Lp, little “a”) is extremely optimal @ 15 nmol/L, and this biomarker is also now believed to be highly important in cardiovascular health assessment. I’m happy with that. 

So, these cholesterol numbers would likely make most physicians and cardiologists start me on statins, but my HDL, triglycerides, Lp(a), and weight are normal. And I'm not sedentary -- I do high intensity interval exercising.  I think there's a reassessment of what is “normal” cholesterol levels for eaters of lots of carbohydrates and what’s considered “normal” for those in ketosis and who are lean.  For now, my doctor’s just watching, and I’m enjoying the fat. 

New Gatorade Zero should be called Gatorade 1 Carb or Gatorade 5 Calories, or something,


I've been listening to CHU on 3330, 7850, and 14670 KHz for the past 30 minutes: There are no time pips and no announcements, but the signal is strong.

I've never heard CHU as a quiet carrier before.

There's no mention of any testing or absence of time pips on the National Research Council Canada (CHU) web site.


22 Meter Band HiFER Beacons / FL beacon 13555.520 KHz CW
« on: May 25, 2017, 2351 UTC »
I have activated a very low power milliwatt beacon on 13555.520 KHz sending  "FL" in slow speed CW (QRSS3) where each dit is 3 seconds long.

The antenna is a dipole in my attic and the sunspot minimum is nearly upon us, so it's not a great time to launch QRP signals, but there's still some good propagation occurring on 22 meters.

I also have a FSKCW beacon "FL" on 13555.465 KHz which will be temporarily deactivated while I test the CW circuit on 13555.520 KHz.


Other / Three carriers: 6993.015 KHz +/- 10 Hz Dec 13 2014z i
« on: December 13, 2015, 2056 UTC »
I am hearing 3 strong carriers on 6993 KHz:

6993.017 KHz, another up ~10 Hz, and a third down ~10 Hz from the 6993.017 KHz "center" carrier.  It sounds as if is some faint modulation of two of the three carriers, perhaps a fraction of a Hz.

 Very strong in central Florida: S8-9. I've not heard this before.

What could it be?   

Utility / DEA HF comms: still active?
« on: November 07, 2015, 1247 UTC »
I used to hear lots of SSB HF communication from the Drug Enforcement Agency in the late 1980s and early 1990s, usually ground-to-air drug interdiction traffic.

was one callsign I heard often which I think was a ground-based operation center as it was always a consistent copy and would be frequently in contact with what sounded like aircraft flying in the Caribbean or around central America tracking boats loaded with cocaine (my guess).
I've not come across any in a long time and the reports of intercepts seem absent.

Where'd they go?   What frequencies are likely to be active, if any?


Other / Pips 8912 KHz 1736 UTC 03 OCT 2015
« on: October 03, 2015, 1738 UTC »
Pips on 8912 KHz USB about every 10 seconds.

Other / Pips 10237.8 KHz, 26 SEP 2015
« on: September 26, 2015, 1102 UTC »
While listening and watching for "common and precious" beacon on 10237 KHz, I heard an occasional pip on 26 Sept 2015 before sunrise east coast USA.

One pip each 10 seconds 10237.86 Khz heard nearly consistently over about 45 minutes.

I did not copy the "Common and precious" CW beacon.

The large "<" tip points to each pip.

HF Beacons / Sawtooth hifer beacon 13554.40 KHz
« on: June 27, 2015, 2321 UTC »
I've constructed a sawtooth hifer beacon on a dial frequency of USB 13554.40 KHz running a few milliwatts into a homebrew multiband ladderline-fed-MFJ-tuner tuned zig-zaggin' attic dipole up about 15 feet/3 meters. The signal should show somewhere between 725 Hz  and  750 Hz on the spectrum display at the aforementioned dial frequency: the drift is due to ambient air temperature changes.   

The circuit is an NE555 in astable mode and an EPSON SG 8002 oscillator and some old junk box parts on a prototype breadboard with a lot of alligator clips.

The calculated time constant of the NE555 with resistor/capacitor that I'm using show a completed cycle each 343.78 seconds or 5 min 43 seconds, but I  suspect the capacitors/resistors I have are not of tight tolerance. Hence the time it takes to complete one cycle may be off a little, but it looks pretty much in agreement on my spectrum display.

The frequency shift of the sawtooth is about 3 Hertz and with the narrow frequency shift and slow oscillation of the sawtooth, it takes a slow waterfall to see it.

It runs 24 hours/day using a 7 volt wall wart.

I would appreciate some reports and screen shots to test the consistency of copy before I rebuild it Manhattan-style on copper clad pc board in an insulated enclosure to minimize drift.

Should I move the frequency? Are there other ISM signals on the same frequency that may interfere? Codar?

I intend to construct a new dipole or vertical for this signal, and possibly get it solar powered with a night-time battery voltage source if it proves relatively copyable.

This beacon looks nearly like a straight line on a spectrum display of 3 seconds/dot and 10 seconds/dot. It clearly shows it's sawtooth character at 30 seconds/dot and 60 seconds/dot.

Thank you.


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