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Topics - ka1iic

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61
I know this is about climate and it is just an abstract but the solar part etc, plays into future propagation.  vgw

http://www.earth-syst-dynam-discuss.net/esd-2015-30/


 doi:10.5194/esdd-6-1237-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
   
Discussion papers

    Abstract Discussion Metrics

Research article
24 Jul 2015
Review status
A revision of this discussion paper was accepted for the journal Earth System Dynamics (ESD).
Multi-millennial-scale solar activity and its influences on continental tropical climate: empirical evidence of recurrent cosmic and terrestrial patterns
J. Sánchez-Sesma Instituto Mexicano de Tecnología del Agua, Jiutepec, Morelos, Mexico
Received: 02 Jun 2015 – Accepted: 14 Jun 2015 – Published: 24 Jul 2015
Abstract. Solar activity (SA) oscillations over the past millennia are analyzed and extrapolated based on reconstructed solar-related records. Here, simple recurrent models of SA signal are applied and tested. The consequent results strongly suggest: (a) the existence of multi-millennial (~ 9500 years) scale solar oscillations, and (b) their persistence, over at least the last glacial–interglacial cycle. This empirical modelling of solar recurrent oscillations has also provided a consequent multi-millennial-scale experimental forecast, suggesting a solar decreasing trend toward Grand (Super) Minimum conditions for the upcoming period, AD 2050–2250 (AD 3750–4450). Also, a recurrent linear influence of solar variation on continental tropical climate (CTC) has been assessed for the last 20 kyr, and extrapolated for the next centuries. Taking into account the importance of these estimated SA scenarios a comparison is made with other SA forecasts, and their possible associated astronomical forcing and influences on past and future CTC discussed.

Citation: Sánchez-Sesma, J.: Multi-millennial-scale solar activity and its influences on continental tropical climate: empirical evidence of recurrent cosmic and terrestrial patterns, Earth Syst. Dynam. Discuss., 6, 1237-1260, doi:10.5194/esdd-6-1237-2015, 2015.

62
Ok, time for me to get serious so here goes,

What would audio, RF or etc looks like if we could see them?

Of course this would require that we extend what we call the existing light(colour) spectrum.

I realize we have test equipment that allows us to 'see' such things but what do you think these things would really look like?

Serious replies welcome but let's keep it also on the lighter side too, so funnies/jokes/etc are allowed.

Any artist in the group?  Dreamers?  Far visioned (no pun intended) folks... etc etc.  Sometimes it pays to think like a child because they often have answers that we adults often cannot see...

Think about it...

 :)


63
Huh? / Who is this famous radio person????
« on: July 04, 2016, 2341 UTC »
A contest...

Here's the picture:


64
28188.55khz 1609UTC 06-27-2016

It appears to be a continuous broadcast with no real breaks... I have a gut feeling it's an harmonic (sub-??) or a mixing product ...  Anyone Please :-)

Here is 10 minutes worth.

http://www31.zippyshare.com/v/NfEgFrkq/file.html

65
While looking at the current SW radios on the market this little item showed up in my search;

http://www.amazon.com/dp/B003V511PO/ref=asc_df_B003V511PO4286522?smid=A20DGKG00T9OK2&tag=nextagmp-20&linkCode=df0&creative=395105&creativeASIN=B003V511PO&ascsubtag=-8790278785035556081

So if propagation continues like it has for the past few weeks... this might be a use for all those transmitters that are collecting dust.  Imagine a 4CX1000 rig being use for this application!


66
from: https://wattsupwiththat.com/2016/04/12/stephen-hawking-backs-100-million-russian-effort-to-build-a-relativistic-space-probe/


Guest essay by Eric Worrall

The quest to send a physical probe to the nearest stars is heating up – renowned Physicist Stephen Hawking has teamed up with Russian billionaire Yuri Milner, to launch a laser propelled space probe at 20% of the speed of light, on a 20 year mission to physically visit the nearest stars.

According to The Guardian;

    Stephen Hawking and Yuri Milner launch $100m star voyage

    Project to aim for sending a featherweight robotic spacecraft to the nearest star at one-fifth of the speed of light.

    In an unprecedented boost for interstellar travel, the Silicon Valley philanthropist Yuri Milner and the world’s most famous cosmologist Stephen Hawking have announced $100m (£70m) for research into a 20-year voyage to the nearest stars, at one fifth of the speed of light.

    Breakthrough Starshot – the third Breakthrough initiative in the past four years – will test the knowhow and technologies necessary to send a featherweight robot spacecraft to the Alpha Centauri star system, at a distance of 4.37 light years: that is, 40,000,000,000,000 kilometres or 25 trillion miles.

    A 100 billion-watt laser-powered light beam would accelerate a “nanocraft” – something weighing little more than a sheet of paper and driven by a sail not much bigger than a child’s kite, fashioned from fabric only a few hundred atoms in thickness – to the three nearest stars at 60,000km a second.

    Milner, a Russian-born billionaire investor who began as a physicist, was one of the founders of the Breakthrough prizes, the biggest in science, announced in 2012 and awarded for fundamental research in physics, life sciences and mathematics. Last year, he and Professor Stephen Hawking of the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at Cambridge announced another $100m Breakthrough Listen initiative to step up the search for extraterrestrial life beyond the solar system. The project has just released its first data from stars within 16 light years of Earth. The entrepreneur describes science as his “hobby.”

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/apr/12/stephen-hawking-and-yuri-milner-launch-100m-star-voyage

WUWT recently suggested that NASA should be spending money on deep space missions, including a laser propelled interstellar probe, instead of squandering their budget, replicating climate work already being performed by other government agencies.

Thankfully it now looks like wealthy private individuals have picked up the ball which NASA dropped. The first mission to the nearest star will bear the Russian flag – but at least that mission now looks likely to happen.

67
Try this National tune on fur size ola;


http://www58.zippyshare.com/v/GkCEnjJO/file.html

Yeah I ripped it off but it works ehhh?

Comments please!!!!

68
Shortwave Pirate / UNID 6935 AM 2120 UTC 03/26/2016
« on: March 26, 2016, 2121 UTC »
Just a heads up as I can't get into chat...  It's only a carrier for me but who knows...

69
Shortwave Pirate / CWCW Radio 6925.5 AM 1230 utc 03/12/2016
« on: March 12, 2016, 1232 UTC »
6925.5 appox AM unkn music 1230 utc 03/12/2016

weak but it is there... can anyone id?

70
HF Mystery Signals / unkn 25057 khz AM 1600 utc 03/10/2016
« on: March 10, 2016, 1658 UTC »
unkn 25057 khz AM 1600 utc 03/10/2016

Sound clip here:

http://www117.zippyshare.com/v/595x430Y/file.html

I recorded this in the AM mode because more of the sound could be heard in that mode but I suspect it isn't really AM.  In the USB mode it sounded more like a fast tick tick sound.

The signal was quite strong with occasional fading but it never dropped any wheres near the noise level.  Any ides?

BTW  Some of the sounds I have been hearing that sound like OTHR but remain on one frequency remind me of the sound of an MRI machine.  I know all too well the sound of an MRI and I will be getting a refresher course in about a weeks time <sigh>


71
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2016/02/sneaky-change-tpp-drastically-extends-criminal-penalties

February 17, 2016 | By Jeremy Malcolm
Sneaky Change to the TPP Drastically Extends Criminal Penalties

When the text of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) was first released in November last year, it included provisions dictating the kinds of penalties that should be available in cases of copyright infringement. Amongst those provisions, the following footnote allowed countries some flexibility in applying criminal procedures and penalties to cases of willful copyright infringement on a commercial scale:

    With regard to copyright and related rights piracy provided for under paragraph 1, a Party may limit application of this paragraph to the cases in which there is an impact on the right holder’s ability to exploit the work, performance or phonogram in the market.

Following the footnote back to its source, it is apparent that the reference to limiting “the application of this paragraph” is to a more specific list of criminal procedures and penalties that the parties are required to make available in such cases. Paraphrased, these are:

    sentences of imprisonment as well as deterrent-level monetary fines;
    higher penalties in more serious circumstances, such as threats to public health or safety;
    seizure of suspected infringing items, the materials and implements used to produce them, and documentary evidence relating to them;
    the release of those items, materials, implements and evidence for use in civil proceedings;
    forfeiture or destruction of those items, materials and implements;
    forfeiture of any assets (such as money) derived from the infringement; and
    the ability for officials to take legal action against the alleged infringer on their own initiative, without requiring a complaint from the rights holder (this is called “ex officio action”).

As of the date of writing, the text excerpted at the top of this page is still the version of the text found on the United States Trade Representative (USTR) website. However on January 26, a slightly different version was uploaded to the website of the official host of the agreement, New Zealand. This version provides:

    With regard to copyright and related rights piracy provided for under paragraph 1, a Party may limit application of this subparagraph to the cases in which there is an impact on the right holder’s ability to exploit the work, performance or phonogram in the market.

Spot the difference? No? Let's try again:

    With regard to copyright and related rights piracy provided for under paragraph 1, a Party may limit application of this subparagraph to the cases in which there is an impact on the right holder’s ability to exploit the work, performance or phonogram in the market.

What does this surreptitious change from “paragraph” to “subparagraph” mean? Well, in its original form the provision exempted a country from making available any of the criminal procedures and penalties listed above, except in circumstances where there was an impact on the copyright holder's ability to exploit their work in the market.

In its revised form, the only criminal provision that a country is exempted from applying in those circumstances is the one to which the footnote is attached—namely, the ex officio action provision. Which means, under this amendment, all of the other criminal procedures and penalties must be available even if the infringement has absolutely no impact on the right holder's ability to exploit their work in the market. The only enforcement provision that countries have the flexibility to withhold in such cases is the authority of state officials to take legal action into their own hands.

Sneaky, huh?

This is a very significant change. Let's look at an example of how it might work. Take a website that shares multilingual subtitle files for movies. Although a technical copyright infringement, there are many legitimate uses for these files; for example, they allow you to lawfully purchase a foreign movie that isn't available in your own country, and then to add subtitles to view the film in your own language. The sale of such subtitle files is as good an example as any of a niche service that copyright owners have never bothered to commercially fill, and probably never will, particularly for less commonly spoken languages.

Under the TPP's original terms, a country could limit the exposure of the owner of such a website to prison time, or to the seizure and possible destruction of their server, on the grounds that by definition their infringement didn't cause any lost sales to the copyright owner. (Note that they would be liable for civil damages to the copyright owner in any case.)

Although a country still has the option to limit criminal penalties to “commercial scale” infringements (which is so broadly defined that it could catch even a non-profit subtitles website), the new language compels TPP signatories to make these penalties available even where those infringements cause absolutely no impact on the copyright holder's ability to profit from the work. This is a massive extension of the provision's already expansive scope.
A Devious Move

How could this happen, when the TPP had supposedly already been finalized when the original text was released in November? The answer is that the original text had not been “legally scrubbed.” The legal scrubbing process, which was ongoing from November until the re-release of the text last month, was meant to be a process in which lawyers, trade ministry staff, and translators, go over the deal word-by-word, to ensure that it is legally consistent and free of unintended errors or loopholes.

It is most certainly not an opportunity for the negotiators to make any substantive changes to the text. Since the change highlighted above is unarguably a substantive change, the only basis for the change to be made during legal scrubbing would be if it were an error. But is it an error?

We don't know for sure—though EFF has contacted the USTR for clarification, and we will update this post if we receive an answer. But logically, the original text doesn't seem to have been an error, because there seems to be no rational basis why countries should be allowed to limit the availability of ex officio action, but not to similarly limit the availability of the other criminal remedies.

Think about it. What sense is there in sending someone to jail for an infringement that causes no harm to the copyright holder, whether they complain about it or not? And why should it matter that the copyright holder complains about something that didn't affect them anyway? Surely, if the copyright holder suffers no harm, then a country ought to be able to suspend the whole gamut of criminal procedures and penalties, not only the availability of ex officio action.

This is no error—or if it is, then the parties were only in error in agreeing to a proposal that was complete nonsense to begin with. But most likely, this is an underhanded attempt to renegotiate the Trans-Pacific Partnership before its ink is even dry. In an agreement that was an undemocratic power grab from the outset, this devious move marks the lowest point to which the negotiators have yet sunk. It gives us all even more reason, as if any were needed, to demand that our representatives refuse to ratify this dreadful agreement.

72
Shortwave Broadcast / There seems to be a station on 6915KHZ
« on: February 18, 2016, 0241 UTC »
I hear a station on 6915usb ... it may be Am but the signal is weak,,, 0226utc... voice (Talk) sounds like a preacher but too weak to be sure.

This will be my last logging as the IRQ people refuse to even try to give a reception report on this station.

73
http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/fccs-pai-freedom-of-speech-slipping-away/article/2583354

FCC commissioner: U.S. tradition of free expression slipping away

The American traditions of free expression and respectful discourse are slipping away, and college campuses and Twitter are prime examples, according to a member of the Federal Communications Commission.

"I think that poses a special danger to a country that cherishes First Amendment speech, freedom of expression, even freedom of association," FCC Commissioner Ajit Pai told the Washington Examiner. "I think it's dangerous, frankly, that we don't see more often people espousing the First Amendment view that we should have a robust marketplace of ideas where everybody should be willing and able to participate.

"Largely what we're seeing, especially on college campuses, is that if my view is in the majority and I don't agree with your view, then I have the right to shout you down, disrupt your events, or otherwise suppress your ability to get your voice heard," Pai added.

"Private actors like Twitter have the freedom to operate their platform as they see fit," Pai said, "[but] I would hope that everybody embraces the idea of the marketplace of ideas. The proverbial street corner of the 21st century, where people can gather to debate issues is increasingly social media, which serves as a platform for public discourse." Twitter announced last week it was establishing a "Trust and Safety" panel to police speech on the site.

Pai concluded that if voters and institutions fail to defend free speech within their own spheres, it could lead to more government regulations curtailing that freedom.

"The text of the First Amendment is enshrined in our Constitution, but there are certain cultural values that undergird the amendment that are critical for its protections to have actual meaning," Pai said. "If that culture starts to wither away, then so too will the freedom that it supports."

Pai, who was appointed to the FCC in 2012, has consistently opposed the agency's efforts to impose more restrictions on speech. The commission ruled last year that the First Amendment did not apply to Internet service providers, a precedent that Pai and others pointed out could lead to more regulations on political speech, particularly on websites like the Drudge Report, in the future.

"It is conceivable to me to see the government saying, 'We think the Drudge Report is having a disproportionate effect on our political discourse," Pai noted shortly after the ruling. "The FCC doesn't have the ability to regulate anything he says, and we want to start tamping down on websites like that."

"Is it unthinkable that some government agency would say the marketplace of ideas is too fraught with dissonance? That everything from the Drudge Report to Fox News … is playing unfairly in the online political speech sandbox? I don't think so," Pai added.

74
Huh? / Never do this!!! A PSA message from the HFU Underground!
« on: February 08, 2016, 1627 UTC »
<<<<<<<BOING>>>>>>   <<<<<<<BOING>>>>>>   <<<<<<<BOING>>>>>>
                                         
                                          <<<<<<<BANG!!!!>>>>>

Another needless trampoline accident...

Remember boys and girls, Never play on a trampoline with unstable TNT in your pocket!

75
Shortwave Pirate / 6935 carrier with music (?) 2246utc 02/07/2016
« on: February 07, 2016, 2247 UTC »
Weak carrier with sounds like music but is at the noise level so I am not sure... can't get on chat

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